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High-fidelity human-in-the-loop simulations as one step towards remote control of regional airports: A preliminary study

Möhlenbrink, Christoph and Friedrich, Maik and Papenfuß, Anne and Rudolph, Michael and Schmidt, Markus and Morlang, Frank and Fürstenau, Norbert (2010) High-fidelity human-in-the-loop simulations as one step towards remote control of regional airports: A preliminary study. ICRAT 2010, 1.-4. Juni 2010, Budapest, Ungarn.

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The paper reports on an experimental work environment for simulating remote control of regional airports and initial results obtained by high fidelity human-in-the-loop simulations. At the Institute of Flight Guidance of the German Aerospace Centre a concept for remote control of regional airports was developed since 2002 and a corresponding experimental testbed realized, consisting of facilities for field testing at the Braunschweig research airport and a tower simulator extension for operational remote tower (RTO) simulations with controllers. Human-in-the-loop simulations were conducted, simulating Braunschweig airport to show the operational feasibility of the new working environment. Therefore two tower controllers handled traffic scenarios using a common 200-degree tower simulator, but also using the new work environment, the RTO (Remote Tower Operation)-Console. This setting allows a direct comparison of an evaluation of the RTO-Console and the tower simulator as work environment. Augmented vision aspects were implemented in the simulation runs at the RTO-Console. Moreover, a zoom camera with an automatic tracking function integrated in the work environment for remote control was evaluated. Subjective data from questionnaires and free interviews were gathered for each simulation run. Objective eye data were recorded for the simulation runs using the RTO-Console. The main result from the questionnaires depicts the work environment of the RTO-Console to be comparable with working in a tower simulator. The eye data show that most of the time (53%) the tower controller is looking at the area of interest in the simulated far view, which is in line with former work analyses. The results of the human-in-the-loop simulation suggest the feasibility of tower operation using the RTO-Console. For the operational deployment of remote control of small airports a stepwise validation using human-in-the-loop simulations is indispensable.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/63050/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:High-fidelity human-in-the-loop simulations as one step towards remote control of regional airports: A preliminary study
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Friedrich, MaikUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3742-2322UNSPECIFIED
Papenfuß, AnneUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0686-7006UNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Remote Tower, Controller working position, simulation, validation, eye-tracking
Event Title:ICRAT 2010
Event Location:Budapest, Ungarn
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:1.-4. Juni 2010
Organizer:FAA, EUROCONTROL, Budapest University of Technology & Economics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Möhlenbrink, Christoph
Deposited On:04 Feb 2010 09:07
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 00:11

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