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First Analysis of TerraSAR-X Along-Track InSAR-Derived Current Fields

Romeiser, Roland und Suchandt, Steffen und Runge, Hartmut und Steinbrecher, Ulrich und Grünler, Stefan (2010) First Analysis of TerraSAR-X Along-Track InSAR-Derived Current Fields. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Volume 48 (Issue 2), Seiten 820-829. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2009.2030885

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We present the first analysis of surface current fields derived from TerraSAR-X along-track interferometric synthetic aperture radar (along-track InSAR, ATI) data. The images were acquired over the mouth of the Elbe river (Germany) during six satellite overpasses in spring and summer 2008, using the experimental “aperture switching” mode of TerraSAR-X. In this mode, the phased-array synthetic aperture radar (SAR) antenna is split into two halves for receiving, but in contrast to the “dual receive antenna” mode, which uses two independent receivers inparallel, a single receiver is multiplexed to process signals from the two antenna halves in an alternating manner at a doubled pulse repetition frequency. The effective ATI baseline is on the order of 0.8 m. The SAR/ATI raw data processing is described in another paper in this issue. This paper focuses on the conversion of the basic interferograms into line-of-sight surface current fields, which includes an elimination of ship signatures, identification, and correction (as far as possible) of imaging artifacts, additional filtering and smoothing, and a subtraction of contributions of wave motions to detected velocities according to a theoretical model. We evaluate the quality of the results by comparison with current fields from a numerical flow model and with available in situ data. The ATI performance of TerraSAR-X is found to be basically consistent with theoretical expectations. After applying the same data processing algorithms to all six images, mean differences betwee TerraSAR-X-derived currents and reference currents in our main test area range from−0.11 to+0.08 m/s in five of the six cases with one outlier at +0.42 m/s. The spatial current variations within the TerraSAR-X-derived current fields are consistent with the model in three cases, but unrealistically strong variations across the images are found in the other three cases. We attribute this to shortcomings of our preliminary raw data processing algorithms, which can probably be fixed after some more detailed analysis and testing. The results obtained so far encourage us to believe that our internal performance goal of a typical currentmeasuring accuracy of 0.1 m/s at an effective spatial resolution better than 1 km can be met.

Titel:First Analysis of TerraSAR-X Along-Track InSAR-Derived Current Fields
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Romeiser, RolandUniversity of MiamiNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Suchandt, SteffenGerman Aerospace Center (DLR)NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Runge, HartmutGerman Aerospace Center (DLR)NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Steinbrecher, UlrichGerman Aerospace Center (DLR)NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Grünler, StefanUniversity of HamburgNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:Februar 2010
Erschienen in:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:Volume 48
DOI :10.1109/TGRS.2009.2030885
Seitenbereich:Seiten 820-829
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
Ruf, Christopher S.cruf@umich.edu
Verlag:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Name der Reihe:IEEE Transactions and Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Stichwörter:Current measurement, interferometry, radar data processing, radar imaging, radar signal analysis, radar velocity measurement, rivers, synthetic aperture radar
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - keine Zuordnung (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Radarsysteme > Satelliten-SAR-Systeme
Institut für Methodik der Fernerkundung > SAR-Signalverarbeitung
Hinterlegt von: Suchandt, Steffen
Hinterlegt am:05 Feb 2010 15:38
Letzte Änderung:08 Mär 2018 18:33

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