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Improving the Physical Optics Approximation

Osipov, Andrey (2001) Improving the Physical Optics Approximation. International Workshop on Advanced Electromagnetics (IWAE'01), 2001-07-27, Korakuen Campus, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan.

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The method of physical optics (PO) is a powerful algorithm for calculation of scattering and radiation of high-frequency electromagnetic fields. The method is an approximation because it assumes that the scattered field can be found by integration of a simplified current distribution (deduced by application of geometrical optics) over the scattering surface. Despite such a simplification, PO is known to provide reasonable numerical results for the first order effects, which is the magnitude of the backscattered field or - in the case of an antenna application - the level of the main lobe in directivity diagram. For objects, whose characteristic dimension is much greater than the wavelength, PO is in many cases the only technique allowing practical calculations. As a result, PO-based computer programs have become a standard simulation tool in a broad variety of microwave applications, including antenna analysis and RCS estimations for such scatterers as an aircraft, a ship or alike. On the other hand, evolvement of new applications, progress in material science and antenna technologies have increased the demand for simulation accuracy and for an extended applicability range of the simulation methods (higher frequencies, larger and more complex scatterers, non-metallic objects, bistatic observation angles, cross-polarized field components, etc.). The goal of this paper is to estimate possible improvements which can be achieved by correcting the PO surface currents at places, where these are considerably in error. We subsequently discuss the role of the correcting currents concentrated near tips and edges in the scattering surface, as well as around shadow boundaries. The paper focuses, therefore, mostly on the fundamental limitations of the method and pays little attention to technical improvements of the standard PO algorithm, like refined meshing schemes for the scattering surface, more efficient evaluation of the radiation integral, etc. The correcting currents are derived by looking at solutions of associated problems of scattering from canonical shapes. To this end, we survey recent advances in the theory of diffraction by a wedge, a cylinder and a cone, with an emphasis on impedance configurations. Specific results include expressions for the shadow boundary currents (SBCs) on the surface of a circular impedance cylinder under oblique illumination and the edge-diffracted currents (EDCs) on a face of an impedance wedge. It is interesting to note that the EDCs are not directly representable in terms of the diffraction coefficient of the geometrical theory of diffraction, whereas the SBCs are well approximated by the known asymptotic solutions. In contrast to the SBCs and EDCs, currents induced by an incident wave near conical points on a scattering surface are very close to what the geometrical optics predicts, such that a PO solution is typically a good approximation to the scattering from a tip. The paper concludes with presenting a comparative chart of the correcting contributions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/5951/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2001
Title:Improving the Physical Optics Approximation
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:RCS simulation, high-frequency electromagnetic scattering, corrections to physical optics
Event Title:International Workshop on Advanced Electromagnetics (IWAE'01)
Event Location:Korakuen Campus, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2001-07-27
Organizer:Institute of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, URSI Commission B, The Electromagnetics Academy
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L ST - Starrflüglertechnologien
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Military Technologies (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute
Deposited By: Osipov, Dr. Andrey
Deposited On:03 Feb 2006
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 19:35

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