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Simulation of Bistable Perception with Long Range Correlations Using Reentrant Nonlinear Perception-Attention-Memory Coupling

Fürstenau, Norbert (2008) Simulation of Bistable Perception with Long Range Correlations Using Reentrant Nonlinear Perception-Attention-Memory Coupling. In: Proc. 2008 Assoc. Scientific Study of Consciousness. The 12th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, 2008-06-19 - 2008-06-22, Taipei, Taiwan,.

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Abstract

Simulation results of bistable perception due to ambiguous visual stimuli are presented which are obtained with a behavioral nonlinear dynamics (phase oscillator) model using perception–attention–memory coupling. As a kind of minimum architecture representing the Thalamo-Cortical and ventral ("what") V4–InferoTemporal–PraeFrontal–V4 loops the basic model couples the nonlinear dynamics of a macroscopic perception state order parameter with an adaptive attention (feedback gain) control parameter with reentrant delay T and additive band limited white noise (Fürstenau 2006, 2007). Quasiperiodic perceptual switching is induced by attention fatigue coupled to the perception state, with a perception bias which balances the relative duration of the alternative percepts, corresponding to the well known Synergetics model of Ditzinger and Haken (1989). As a new feature memory effects are introduced by allowing for the slow adaptation of the perception bias parameter via coupling to the perception state. The simulations exhibit long range correlations of the perceptual duration times in agreement with recent experimental results of Gao et al. (2006). They are determined by calculation of the self similarity (Hurst) parameter H of the reversal time series (H > 0.5). Deviations of the simulated reversal time statistics from the -distribution as typically observed in experiments, increase with decreasing memory time constant and attention noise. Mean perceptual duration times of 2 – 5 s are predicted in agreement with experimental results reported in the literature, if a feedback delay T of 40 ms is assumed which is typical for cortical reentrant loops and the stimulus-V1 latency (Lamme 2003). Numerically determined perceptual transition times of 3 – 5 T are in reasonable agreement with stimulus–conscious perception delay of 150 – 200 ms. The symmetrized absolute value of the attention parameter exhibits qualitative agreement with the dynamics of the eye blink rate and saccade frequency as reported by Ito et.al. (2003). Initial periodic stimulus simulations yields the reversal rate variation as a function of stimulus off-time in surprisingly good quantitative agreement with experimental results of Orbach et.al.(1966) when selecting adaptation and recovery time constants of 1 – 2 s.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/53634/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Simulation of Bistable Perception with Long Range Correlations Using Reentrant Nonlinear Perception-Attention-Memory Coupling
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fürstenau, NorbertUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2008
Journal or Publication Title:Proc. 2008 Assoc. Scientific Study of Consciousness
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Assoc. Scient. Study Consciousness, Study ConsciousnessUNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:perception, attention, modeling, nonlinear dynamics, coupling, delay, reentrant loop, correlations, Hurst parameter
Event Title:The 12th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness
Event Location:Taipei, Taiwan,
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2008-06-19 - 2008-06-22
Organizer:Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Fürstenau, Dr.phil.nat. Norbert
Deposited On:11 Mar 2008
Last Modified:08 May 2014 23:21

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