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Proposal for an Integrated European Space Exploration Strategy

Seboldt, Wolfgang and Blome, Hans-Joachim and Dachwald, Bernd and Richter, Lutz (2004) Proposal for an Integrated European Space Exploration Strategy. 55th International Astronautical Congress, 2004-10-04 - 2004-10-08, Vancouver, Canada.

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Recently, in his vision for space exploration, US president Bush announced to extend human presence across the solar system, starting with a human return to the Moon as early as 2015 in preparation for human exploration of Mars and other destinations. In Europe, an exploration program, termed AURORA, was established by ESA in 2001 - funded on a voluntary basis by ESA member states - with a clear focus on Mars and the ultimate goal of landing humans on Mars around 2030 in international cooperation. In 2003, a Human Spaceflight Vision Group was appointed by ESA with the task to develop a vision for the role of human spaceflight during the next quarter of the century. The resulting vision focused on a European-led lunar exploration initiative as part of a multi-decade, international effort to strengthen European identity and economy. After a review of the situation in Europe concerning space exploration, the paper outlines an approach for a consistent positioning of exploration within the existing European space programs, identifies destinations, and develops corresponding scenarios for an integrated strategy, starting with robotic missions to the Moon, Mars, and near-Earth asteroids. The interests of the European planetary in-situ science community, which recently met at DLR Cologne, are considered. Potential robotic lunar missions comprise polar landings to search for frozen volatiles and a sample return. For Mars, the implementation of a modest robotic landing mission in 2009 to demonstrate the capability for landing and prepare more ambitious and complex missions is discussed. For near-Earth asteroid exploration, a low-cost in-situ technology demonstration mission could yield important results. All proposed scenarios offer excellent science and could therefore create synergies between ESA’s mandatory and optional programs in the area of planetary science and exploration. The paper intents to stimulate the European discussion on space exploration and reflects the personal view of the authors.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/47804/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Proposal for an Integrated European Space Exploration Strategy
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Blome, Hans-JoachimFachhochschule AachenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2004
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Space Exploration
Event Title:55th International Astronautical Congress
Event Location:Vancouver, Canada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:4 October 2004
Event End Date:8 October 2004
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W - no assignment
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - no assignment (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space > Institute of Space Simulation
Deposited By: Dachwald, Dr.-Ing. Bernd
Deposited On:10 Apr 2007
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 19:09

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