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Supporting Human-Centered Function Allocation Processes Through Animated Formal Models

Oberheid, Hendrik and Lorenz, Bernd and Werther, Bernd (2006) Supporting Human-Centered Function Allocation Processes Through Animated Formal Models. 2006 Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter, 2006-08-11 - 2006-10-11, Sheffield, UK.

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Function allocation (FA) refers to the distribution of work across human and machine elements of sociotechnical systems. FA has an important impact on the shaping of the human operators’ roles within the final system and consequently on the resulting human-machine system’s performance and, in particular, on the system’s safety when dealing with a safety-critical working environment such as the operation of an aircraft. It is therefore indispensable to seek for ways to efficiently incorporate the knowledge of human factors specialists and domain experts into the function allocation process. There is a strong need for a suitable design-artefact that facilitates a meaningful communication between engineers, human factors specialists and domain experts for use early in the design cycle. The paper proposes the employment of formal process models coupled with graphical animation to support a structured, scenario-based FA process. The role of the process model covers aspects such as the generation of a wide range of potential system scenarios and the systematic selection of the most critical scenarios as an input to the FA-process and the stakeholder workshops. The main purpose of the animation consists in facilitating an efficient communication and shared understanding of both the scenarios and the potential automation options among the different stakeholders in the design process. Characteristics and application points for the different functions of the model and visualisations within the FA-process are pointed out in the paper and an outlook is given on the application of the proposed method in the development of a pilot-support system for future aircraft approach procedures.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/44694/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Supporting Human-Centered Function Allocation Processes Through Animated Formal Models
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:November 2006
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:human-centered design, human factors, socio-technical system design, process models, formal specification
Event Title:2006 Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter
Event Location:Sheffield, UK
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-08-11 - 2006-10-11
Organizer:Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Oberheid, Hendrik Oliver
Deposited On:19 Dec 2006
Last Modified:08 May 2014 23:15

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