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Higher-Order Statistics and the Multivariate Probability Density Function of Natural Images

Zetzsche, Christoph and Krieger, Gerhard and Röhrbein, Florian (2000) Higher-Order Statistics and the Multivariate Probability Density Function of Natural Images. In: European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP). European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP), Groningen, Netherlands.

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Official URL: http://www.perceptionweb.com/ecvp00/0255.html


The statistical structure of natural images is analysed by two complementary approaches: by the measurement of higher-order spectra and by our method of 'wavelet statistics', which explores interesting projections of the multivariate probability density function (pdf). We show that the probability mass is concentrated in low-dimensional subspaces which represent intrinsically one-dimensional image features, and that the multivariate pdf thus resembles a 'hyper star'. The polyspectra show a corresponding concentration of polyspectral energy for aligned frequency components. This basic statistical structure provides the explanation for the generation of a sparse representation by oriented filters: the kurtosis is maximised if the filter decomposition is adapted to the shape of the tri-spectrum, which is closely related to the fact that only oriented filters can cause the projection of a maximum part of the probability mass to the zero level. Since the hyper star is not separable in Cartesian axes, linear filters cannot yield independent components of natural images, and there remain substantial statistical dependences across orientation, phase, scale, and position. We show how these dependences are exploited by basic cortical nonlinearities, like the phase-invariance of complex cells, cortical gain control, and end-stopping. The visual cortex thus seems to pursue a higher-order whitening strategy.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/20744/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Higher-Order Statistics and the Multivariate Probability Density Function of Natural Images
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Journal or Publication Title:European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP)
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:higher-order statistics, nonlinear systems
Event Title:European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP)
Event Location:Groningen, Netherlands
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Entwicklung eines Mini-SAR (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute
Deposited By: Krieger, Dr.-Ing. Gerhard
Deposited On:04 Jan 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 04:47

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