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Evaluation of Model-based Real-time Latency Compensation for Unmanned Aircraft Remote Control

Ostermann, Ole A. and Laubner, Martin and Lorenz, Sven (2024) Evaluation of Model-based Real-time Latency Compensation for Unmanned Aircraft Remote Control. In: AIAA SciTech 2024 Forum. AIAA SciTech Forum, 2024-01-08 - 2024-01-12, Orlando, USA. doi: 10.2514/6.2024-0453. ISBN 978-1-62410-711-5.

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Official URL: https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/6.2024-0453

Abstract

For advanced flight testing of novel Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) based on a synthetic vision, special skills and properties are required for direct First Person View (FPV) remote control. Necessary wireless data links and computer based data processing will introduce latency into the system. A UAS demonstration system has previously been built at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). For this system it was observed that the overall latency of the system reaches a magnitude where Pilot Induced Oscillation (PIO) occurs. In addition, bandwidth limitations result in low sampling rates in the downlink, leading to jerking flight information displays and visualizations. Due to those influences, handling qualities are fairly poor and will further decrease for Beyond Visual Line Of Sight (BVLOS) operations. To provide a pilot with smooth, accurate, and up-to-date visual cues, a compensation approach is developed that accounts for the full combination of: Delays, low sample rates, unavailable aircraft state measurements, modelling uncertainties, disturbances and sensor noises. An evaluation of three model-based methods is performed in this work, supported by a pilot-in-the-loop simulation test campaign. The measured accuracy of the compensated output as well as the subjective handling quality surveys show very promising results.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/199910/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Evaluation of Model-based Real-time Latency Compensation for Unmanned Aircraft Remote Control
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Ostermann, Ole A.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0005-7292-5840151508612
Laubner, MartinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, SvenUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2133-227XUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2024
Journal or Publication Title:AIAA SciTech 2024 Forum
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI:10.2514/6.2024-0453
ISBN:978-1-62410-711-5
Status:Published
Keywords:Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Gyroplane, First Person View, Remote Control, Latency Compensation, Delay Compensation, Kalman Filter, State Estimation, Prediction
Event Title:AIAA SciTech Forum
Event Location:Orlando, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:8 January 2024
Event End Date:12 January 2024
Organizer:AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Components and Systems
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L CS - Components and Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Unmanned Aerial Systems
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Flight Dynamics and Simulation
Institute of Flight Systems > Unmanned Aircraft
Institute of Flight Systems
Deposited By: Ostermann, Ole A.
Deposited On:24 Jan 2024 18:30
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 21:00

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