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Implementation of U-space using the example of DLR´s National Experimental Test Center for Unmanned Aircraft Systems

Wendt, Kristin and Lieb, Joonas (2023) Implementation of U-space using the example of DLR´s National Experimental Test Center for Unmanned Aircraft Systems. DLRK 2023, 2023-09-19 - 2023-09-21, Stuttgart.

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With the entry into force of the Implementing Regulation 2021/664 on 26th January 2023 it is possible to implement U-space airspaces within Europe in order to allow a safe and secure integration of a large number of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the existing airspace. In consequence, this aforementioned regulation opens up numerous possibilities for new airspace users. Due to the new regulatory framework for implementing a U-space it is possible to apply the U-space implementation process developed by European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) with its three different phases “planning”, “execution”, “review” for the first time. This implementation process is described in detail within the Notice of Proposed Amendment 2021-14 (NPA 2021-14) published by the EASA in December 2021. As part of the AREA U-space (Air Space Research Area U-space) project, a U-space sandbox will be implemented at the National Experimental Test Center for Unmanned Aircraft Systems of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Cochstedt, Germany. One key objective of the project is to evaluate and verify the practical feasibility of the implementation process defined by EASA. Particular challenging is the fact, that the National Experimental Test Center for UAS is simultaneously an open and active airport, as the airport Magdeburg-Cochstedt is part of the test center. With regard to the implementation of U-space, three different perspectives will be considered within the project in order to enable a holistic view for the definition of various requirement profiles for Uspace. The “Aircraft” perspective focuses on the interaction between UAS and U-space in order to increase the safety for UAS-flights in the specific category. The “Airspace Management” perspective will discuss the coordination between different airspaces and geo-zones including conflict detection and resolution between different airspace users. Finally, the “Social Acceptance and Environment” perspective will be used to validate the impact on society and the environment in order to formulate recommendations for regulators and police makers. Based on several workshops (e.g. Stakeholder Workshop) conducted in the first half of the year 2023, these three perspectives and their specific requirement towards the U-space environment will be gathered and described. Thereby, these three perspectives help to identify the necessary steps in order to develop an U-space environment at an active airport starting from the required Air Space Risk Assessment. Therefore, this publication will provide insights in how to conduct an Air Space Risk Assessment according to the aforementioned three-phase process described in EASA´s Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC) and Guidance Material (GM) published in December 2022. In addition, a detailed view on the approach to execute an air risk management according to the GM published by EASA including the identification and communication with relevant stakeholders, the regulatory authorities, technical and operational requirements will be presented. Furthermore, an insight into the methodology how to define an appropriate performance metrics for future U-space sandboxes will be given. As a result, this publication aims to provide a step-by-step guideline in how to design, implement and commission an operational U-space environment following the EASA implementation process at a challenging geographical area (i.e. active airport) within Europe.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/197468/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Implementation of U-space using the example of DLR´s National Experimental Test Center for Unmanned Aircraft Systems
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Wendt, KristinUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0007-8572-6802UNSPECIFIED
Lieb, JoonasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7095-2435UNSPECIFIED
Date:21 September 2023
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:U-space, Airspace Risk Assessment, ARA
Event Title:DLRK 2023
Event Location:Stuttgart
Event Type:national Conference
Event Start Date:19 September 2023
Event End Date:21 September 2023
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Operations and Impact Assessment
Location: Cochstedt
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance
National Experimental Test Centre for Unmanned Aircraft Systems > Projects and Interdisciplinary Topics
Deposited By: Wendt, Dr.-Ing. Kristin
Deposited On:02 Feb 2024 08:24
Last Modified:21 May 2024 16:33

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