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What Potential Do Light Electric Vehicles Have to Reduce Car Trips?

Gebhardt, Laura and Brost, Mascha and Seiffert, Robert (2023) What Potential Do Light Electric Vehicles Have to Reduce Car Trips? Future Transportation (3), pp. 918-930. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/futuretransp3030051. ISSN 2673-7590.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2673-7590/3/3/51


Climate protection goals in transportation can only be achieved with a worldwide change in mobility behavior that is supported by technological progress and changes in vehicle concepts. One contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions may be using small and light electric vehicles (LEVs) instead of cars. LEVs have a favorable ratio of vehicle weight to payload and the efficiency of electric drives contributes to environmental sustainability. As with full-sized electrically powered cars, emissions from combustion processes are eliminated. Going beyond that, the traction batteries in LEVs can be considerably smaller, thereby reducing the consumption of critical raw materials and lowering production-related greenhouse gas emissions. Against this background, we present the results of a study which aimed to determine what proportion of current passenger car trips in Germany could, in theoretical terms, be covered by LEVs. Our estimation of the substitution potential of LEVs for car trips is based on the 2017 Mobility in Germany (MiD) survey, a national household travel survey (NHTS) containing the data of 960,619 trips. Many different types of vehicles, ranging from e-scooters, cargo bikes, and pedelecs to three- and four-wheeled light electric vehicles, are considered. The results show that up to 76% of car trips and 50% of car mileage could theoretically be substituted by LEVs. The results are further analyzed to determine for which trip purposes and age groups the greatest substitution potential exists. Based on the results, we discuss ways for supporting the realization of this potential as well as factors that determine whether the theoretically calculated potential can be realized.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/196041/
Document Type:Article
Title:What Potential Do Light Electric Vehicles Have to Reduce Car Trips?
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Gebhardt, LauraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0167-8481UNSPECIFIED
Date:12 July 2023
Journal or Publication Title:Future Transportation
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 918-930
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Keywords:micro-mobility; LEV; potential analysis; car trip substitution; user acceptance
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - VMo4Orte - Vernetzte Mobilität für lebenswerte Orte
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Means of Transport
Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Deposited By: Gebhardt, Laura
Deposited On:01 Aug 2023 08:09
Last Modified:01 Aug 2023 08:09

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