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Teleoperation as a Key Enabler for Connected and Automated Driving (CAD)

Schrank, Andreas Gottfried and Oehl, Michael (2023) Teleoperation as a Key Enabler for Connected and Automated Driving (CAD). Hi-Drive Showcase #1, EUCAD/EUCAR 2023, 3-5 May 2023, Brussels, Belgium.

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Official URL: https://www.hi-drive.eu/app/uploads/2023/04/Hi-Drive_ShowcaseFlyer_DLR-1.pdf


Paving the way for future mobility, the teleoperation of con- nected and automated vehicles (CAV, SAE 4) represents an approach that effectively leverages the benefits of automated driving while full autonomy is not yet a reality. Safety and reliability are ensured by having a teleoperator as a remote assistant who can support the vehicle remotely and provide guidance in the event of challenges to the driving task that exceed the capabilities of the vehicle automation system. The technology comes with technical, legal and human factors challenges. From a technical perspective, the most pressing issues are latency in data transmission and other issues of connectivity. The legal framework in many EU coun- tries, including Germany, clears the way for remote operation as remote assistance while heavily restricting remote driving. From a Human Factors perspective, situation awareness, telepresence, vigilance, task balance, and workload are crucial concepts that need to be considered when designing for tele- operation. To meet these challenges, a novel human-machine interface (HMI) for the teleoperation of CAVs was developed supported by user-centered methods in iterative steps and evaluated. Results showed that even under elevated induced workload, participants were able to construct sufficient situa- tion awareness and resolve the CAVs’ requests for assistance successfully in typical scenarios. The workplace HMI was rated positively overall, especially with regard to usability and acceptance. The study provided valuable information for the iterative further development of the HMI design. Teleopera- tion may be a viable approach to defragmenting Operational Design Domains (ODD) by using human information process- ing skills.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/195023/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Teleoperation as a Key Enabler for Connected and Automated Driving (CAD)
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Schrank, Andreas GottfriedUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8352-1052UNSPECIFIED
Oehl, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0871-2286UNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2023
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:teleoperation, remote operation, remote assistance, key enabler, connected and automated driving
Event Title:Hi-Drive Showcase #1, EUCAD/EUCAR 2023
Event Location:Brussels, Belgium
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:3-5 May 2023
Organizer:European Commission
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - KoKoVI - Koordinierter kooperativer Verkehr mit verteilter, lernender Intelligenz
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Cooperative Systems, BS
Deposited By: Schrank, Andreas Gottfried
Deposited On:26 May 2023 15:02
Last Modified:26 May 2023 15:02

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