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An aeronautical data communication demand model for the North Atlantic oceanic airspace

Hillebrecht, Alexander and Marks, Tobias and Gollnick, Volker (2023) An aeronautical data communication demand model for the North Atlantic oceanic airspace. CEAS Aeronautical Journal. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s13272-023-00651-4. ISSN 1869-5590.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13272-023-00651-4


Information exchange via aeronautical data communication is of increasing importance for the communication between pilots and air traffic control, providing the basis for surveillance of aircraft in oceanic or remote airspaces, as well as enabling the communication between an airlines’ fleet and its operational control. The aeronautical data communication that is being transmitted via data link encompasses, among others, surveillance-related aircraft position updates, clearances for flight path change requests, maintenance-related status reports, estimated arrival times and weather information in accordance with the required performance, that is set by technical standards. Aeronautical data communication events are driven by an aircraft’s flight phase, the current airspace or may occur in a randomized manner throughout the flight. As the usage of aeronautical data communication is expected to grow in future, ample data link technologies are being evaluated and developed. The usability and operational value of new data link technologies for aeronautical applications can be evaluated by applying suitable models of the respective data link communication pattern combined with operational simulations. Current models for aeronautical data communication demand support the design and evaluation of direct aircraft-to-ground communication networks. The geographical location of the data communication demand is secondary for these models, since coverage areas can be defined, where direct communication links are available. New data link technologies offer the opportunity of direct data transfer between aircraft and forwarding of messages from sending aircraft to a ground entity via ad-hoc communication networks between aircraft. This is of special interest for the North Atlantic oceanic airspace, an airspace with high traffic density and little ground infrastructure, where communication currently relies mostly on satellite-based systems. For these airborne ad-hoc networks the definition of coverage areas around ground or space-based entities is not possible. To assess the new data link technology a model for aeronautical data link communication demand is needed, that accounts for operationally derived communication events such as handover procedures at boundaries of oceanic control areas or status reports at route-specific waypoints, which cause an accumulation in certain geographical regions that pose a challenge to the dynamic connectivity coverage of aeronautical ad-hoc networks. Addressing this issue, we present a new modelling approach for air traffic service communication that considers the operational context of the simulated airspace and provides a geospatial data communication demand distribution, which is derived from air traffic management procedures, airspace geometries and events inherent to each flight path. The air traffic service communication is then validated based on 2019 air traffic and performance monitoring data provided by ICAO supplemented by an existing model for communication related to airline operational control. In a next step, the communication demand per area in the North Atlantic Oceanic airspace is being assessed. The aeronautical data traffic model shows deviations of less than one message per aircraft and airspace when compared to recorded data traffic from 2019 for two key services in the most frequented North Atlantic oceanic control areas. Therefore, it is assumed to be suitable for the evaluation of network-based data link technology and operational impact assessments.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/194505/
Document Type:Article
Title:An aeronautical data communication demand model for the North Atlantic oceanic airspace
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Hillebrecht, AlexanderUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1531-0282UNSPECIFIED
Marks, TobiasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4225-5672UNSPECIFIED
Gollnick, VolkerUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7214-0828UNSPECIFIED
Date:25 March 2023
Journal or Publication Title:CEAS Aeronautical Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:communication, aeronautical data communication, ATS, AOC, air traffic
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Operations and Impact Assessment
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Air Transport Operations > Air Transport Operations and Infrastructure
Deposited By: Hillebrecht, Alexander
Deposited On:03 Jul 2023 08:50
Last Modified:03 Jul 2023 08:50

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