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Traffic flow at signalized intersections with large volumes of bicycle traffic

Grigoropoulos, Georgios and Leonhardt, Axel and Kaths, Heather and Junghans, Marek and Baier, Michael and Busch, Fritz (2022) Traffic flow at signalized intersections with large volumes of bicycle traffic. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 155, pp. 464-483. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2021.11.021. ISSN 0965-8564.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0965856421003086


The popularity of utilitarian bicycling is increasing in many urban areas. As a result, growing volumes of bicycle traffic on road networks have significant impacts on traffic flow and the capacity of vehicular traffic, particularly at intersections. The goal of this paper is to quantify the impact of large volumes of bicycle traffic on the capacity of signalized intersections concerning vehicular streams crossing the intersection, turning right, and turning left. Empirical studies are conducted to gain insight into the speed, acceleration, queue density, queue discharge, and conflict zone occupancy time of bicycle traffic. Data were collected at sites with varying infrastructure designs and bicycle traffic volumes. The results of the empirical studies are used to assess the effects of bicycle infrastructure on traffic efficiency and build, calibrate, and validate microscopic traffic simulation models. The bicycle traffic volume is incrementally increased in the simulation models to supplement the data from the empirical studies. Based on the empirical findings and simulation results, the average queue discharge time per bicyclist based on the facility width is derived and two factors for the reduction in the capacity of vehicular traffic turning left and turning right based on the actual green time ratio and the volume of crossing bicycle traffic are proposed. If a bike box is present on an intersection approach, findings show that crossing bicycle traffic has a negligible effect on the capacity of crossing vehicular traffic, which bicyclists turning left impede vehicular traffic.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/193725/
Document Type:Article
Title:Traffic flow at signalized intersections with large volumes of bicycle traffic
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Grigoropoulos, GeorgiosTechnische Universität MünchenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Leonhardt, AxelUniversität der Bundeswehr MünchenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kaths, HeatherUniversity of WuppertalUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Busch, FritzTechnical University of MunichUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 464-483
Series Name:Transportation Research
Keywords:Bicycle traffic; Intersection efficiency; Vehicular capacity; Highway Capacity Manual
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems
Institute of Transportation Systems > Cooperative Systems, BA
Deposited By: Junghans, Marek
Deposited On:03 Feb 2023 13:59
Last Modified:06 Feb 2023 09:20

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