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The Importance of Robust Datasets to Assess Urban Accessibility: A Comparable Study in the Distrito Tec, Monterrey, Mexico, and the Stanford District, San Francisco Bay Area, USA

Rodríguez-Hernández, Karen Lizette and Narezo-Balzaretti, Jorge and Gaxiola-Beltrán, Ana Luisa and Ramírez-Moreno, Mauricio Adolfo and Pérez-Henríquez, Blas Luis and Ramírez-Mendoza, Ricardo Ambrocio and Krajzewicz, Daniel and Lozoya-Santos, Jorge De-Jesús (2022) The Importance of Robust Datasets to Assess Urban Accessibility: A Comparable Study in the Distrito Tec, Monterrey, Mexico, and the Stanford District, San Francisco Bay Area, USA. Applied Sciences, 12 (23). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/app122312267. ISSN 2076-3417.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/12/23/12267

Abstract

Urban planning has a crucial role in helping cities meet the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals and robust datasets to assess mobility accessibility are central to smart urban planning. These datasets provide the information necessary to perform detailed analyses that help develop targeted urban interventions that increase accessibility in cities as related to the emerging vision of the 15 Minute City. This study discusses the need for such data by performing a comparative urban accessibility analysis of two university campuses and their surrounding urban areas, here defined as the Stanford District, located in the San Francisco Bay Area in the United States, and Distrito Tec in Monterrey, Mexico. The open-source tool Urban Mobility Accessibility Computer (UrMoAC) is used to assess accessibility measures in each district using available data. UrMoAC calculates distances and average travel times from block groups to major destinations using different transport modes considering the morphology of the city, which makes this study transferable and scalable. The results show that both areas have medium levels of accessibility if cycling is used as the primary mode of transportation. Hence, improving the safety and quality of cycling in both cities emerges as one of the main recommendations from the research. Finally, the results obtained can be used to generate public policies that address the specific needs of each community's urban region based on their accessibility performance.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/193157/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Importance of Robust Datasets to Assess Urban Accessibility: A Comparable Study in the Distrito Tec, Monterrey, Mexico, and the Stanford District, San Francisco Bay Area, USA
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Rodríguez-Hernández, Karen LizetteTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8031-8761UNSPECIFIED
Narezo-Balzaretti, JorgeLondon School of Economics and Political Sciencehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7258-4242UNSPECIFIED
Gaxiola-Beltrán, Ana LuisaTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2637-9915UNSPECIFIED
Ramírez-Moreno, Mauricio AdolfoTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0306-2971UNSPECIFIED
Pérez-Henríquez, Blas LuisStanford Universityhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1975-7487UNSPECIFIED
Ramírez-Mendoza, Ricardo AmbrocioTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5122-507XUNSPECIFIED
Krajzewicz, DanielUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1045-8800UNSPECIFIED
Lozoya-Santos, Jorge De-JesúsTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5536-1426UNSPECIFIED
Date:30 November 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Applied Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:12
DOI:10.3390/app122312267
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2076-3417
Status:Published
Keywords:urban accessibility; smart cities; smart mobility; open-source technology
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - VMo4Orte - Vernetzte Mobilität für lebenswerte Orte
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Deposited By: Krajzewicz, Daniel
Deposited On:10 Jan 2023 18:11
Last Modified:10 Jan 2023 18:11

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