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Effects of different mobility concepts in new residential areas

Heinrichs, Matthias and Schöne, Stefanie and Geischberger, Jakob and López Díaz, María (2022) Effects of different mobility concepts in new residential areas. In: Proceedings of the ETC 2022. European Transport Conference 2022, 03.-06. Sep. 2022, Mailand, Italien. ISSN 2313-185.

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Growing cities need new residential areas, which are often either not connected to the existing transport infrastructure or are poorly connected to it. A fast way to connect these areas is the construction of roads. However, this generates a car- depending mobility among the inhabitants, which is in conflict with several sustainability goals. Moreover, the impact of the implementation of new public transport options is only partly known and this fact reduces the willingness to invest in expensive public transport measures. In this work we examine different mobility concepts, including shared mobility, bicycle highways, a high-frequency bus service, suburban trains and car limitations in a new residential area of 2000 households in Berlin, Germany, which is currently under construction. The households and inhabitants are created synthetically using statistical data derived from a survey among the first people moved in. The age and size structure of these households turn out to be different from the neighbouring households. Then, we implement all measures in a microscopic travel demand simulation and quantify the potential modal shifts for four different mobility concepts. The results show that weak and short-term mobility concepts show no significant change in mobility behaviour. Only highly integrated projects like bicycle highways into the inner city combined with suburban trains can reduce the need for car-dependent mobility. Shared mobility only fills in the gaps for special occasions but not for daily mobility due to the high costs. In a final step we examine the usage of the introduced public transport services and compare the change in the occupation of the buses and trains. Here our work shows that interchanging from bus to subways and suburban trains drastically reduces the attractiveness of public transport. Introducing a new suburban train changes this situation and the whole region shows a drop of 40% of car trips.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/192970/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Effects of different mobility concepts in new residential areas
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Heinrichs, MatthiasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0175-2787UNSPECIFIED
Schöne, StefanieUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3210-1493UNSPECIFIED
Geischberger, JakobUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6588-6728UNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the ETC 2022
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:demand modelling, mobility concepts, residential areas
Event Title:European Transport Conference 2022
Event Location:Mailand, Italien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:03.-06. Sep. 2022
Organizer:Association for European Transport
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - DATAMOST - Daten & Modelle zur Mobilitätstransform
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Institute of Transportation Systems > Design and Evaluation of Mobility Solutions, BS
Deposited By: Heinrichs, Matthias
Deposited On:10 Jan 2023 17:09
Last Modified:10 Jan 2023 17:09

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