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Covid-19 and Flattening the Curve: A Feedback Control Perspective

Di Lauro, Francesco and Kiss, István Zoltán and Rus, Daniela and Della Santina, Cosimo (2020) Covid-19 and Flattening the Curve: A Feedback Control Perspective. IEEE Control Systems Letters, 5 (4), pp. 1435-1440. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. doi: 10.1109/LCSYS.2020.3039322. ISSN 2475-1456.

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Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9264204


Many of the policies that were put into place during the Covid-19 pandemic had a common goal: to flatten the curve of the number of infected people so that its peak remains under a critical threshold. This letter considers the challenge of engineering a strategy that enforces such a goal using control theory. We introduce a simple formulation of the optimal flattening problem, and provide a closed form solution. This is augmented through nonlinear closed loop tracking of the nominal solution, with the aim of ensuring close-to-optimal performance under uncertain conditions. A key contribution of this letter is to provide validation of the method with extensive and realistic simulations in a Covid-19 scenario, with particular focus on the case of Codogno - a small city in Northern Italy that has been among the most harshly hit by the pandemic.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/192584/
Document Type:Article
Title:Covid-19 and Flattening the Curve: A Feedback Control Perspective
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Di Lauro, FrancescoUniversity of SussexUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kiss, István ZoltánUniversity of SussexUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Della Santina, CosimoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1067-1134UNSPECIFIED
Date:19 November 2020
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Control Systems Letters
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1435-1440
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Keywords:Emerging control applications, network analysis and control, large-scale systems
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Robotics
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RO - Robotics
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Basic Technologies [RO]
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013)
Deposited By: Strobl, Dr. Klaus H.
Deposited On:19 Dec 2022 07:35
Last Modified:19 Dec 2022 07:35

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