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Aircraft-to-Aircraft Channel Measurements in the VHF/UHF Band: Analysis of the Line-of-Sight and Lake-Reflected Channel Components

Bellido-Manganell, Miguel Angel and Fiebig, Uwe-Carsten and Walter, Michael (2022) Aircraft-to-Aircraft Channel Measurements in the VHF/UHF Band: Analysis of the Line-of-Sight and Lake-Reflected Channel Components. In: 96th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2022-Fall 2022. IEEE 96th Vehicular Technology Conference VTC2022-Fall, 2022-09-26 - 2022-09-29, London, Vereinigtes Königreich. doi: 10.1109/VTC2022-Fall57202.2022.10012832. ISBN 978-1-6654-5468-1. ISSN 2577-2465.

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Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/10012832


This paper presents a statistical analysis of the main components of the aircraft-to-aircraft channel based on the wideband channel measurements conducted between two aircraft in the VHF/UHF band at 250 MHz. We consider multiple flight segments where the aircraft flew at diverse altitudes and used different antennas for transmission and for reception, alternating between a top and a bottom antenna. In each scenario of interest, we analyse the power and the small-scale fading of the envelope of the direct line-of-sight component and of the specular reflection component off a lake. For both components, we compare the measured average power with the theoretical free-space path loss, and the measured small-scale fading with multiple well-known statistical distributions. The results show that the envelope of both components is strongly affected by the geometry, the location of the antennas, and by the aircraft fuselage itself. The different scenarios yield significant variations in the average power and in the distribution of the small-scale fading. A Rician distribution shows the best fit for the line-of-sight component envelope. The component reflected off the lake can be modeled by a Rician distribution when it is not obstructed or strongly affected by the aircraft fuselage, and by a Nakagami distribution otherwise. The parameters of the best-fitting distributions, including the Rician K-factor, are provided for the different scenarios.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/191393/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Aircraft-to-Aircraft Channel Measurements in the VHF/UHF Band: Analysis of the Line-of-Sight and Lake-Reflected Channel Components
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Bellido-Manganell, Miguel AngelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0668-3477UNSPECIFIED
Fiebig, Uwe-CarstenUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2736-1140UNSPECIFIED
Walter, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5659-8716UNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:96th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2022-Fall 2022
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Keywords:Air-to-air, aircraft-to-aircraft (A2A), wireless channel, aircraft, antenna, ground reflection, Rician, Nakagami
Event Title:IEEE 96th Vehicular Technology Conference VTC2022-Fall
Event Location:London, Vereinigtes Königreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:26 September 2022
Event End Date:29 September 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Components and Systems
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L CS - Components and Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Aircraft Systems
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Deposited By: Bellido-Manganell, Miguel Angel
Deposited On:08 Dec 2022 18:57
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:52

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