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Development of CMAS resistant thermal barrier coatings: Challenges and implications

Naraparaju, Ravisankar and Mikulla, Christoph and Schulz, Uwe and Mechnich, P. (2022) Development of CMAS resistant thermal barrier coatings: Challenges and implications. Thermal and Environmental Barrier Coatings, 2022-06-19 - 2022-06-24, Germany.

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Abstract

Thermochemical attack of ingested CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 (CMAS) particles in thermal-barrier coatings (TBCs) has been an issue of concern for operating aero-engines in dust-laden environments. The degradation by CMAS attack can be lifetime-limiting and will change the properties of the TBCs, such as thermal conductivity and mechanical behavior. Novel TBCs such as GZO and 65YZ have been proven to restrict the CMAS infiltration effectively. Even though 7YSZ is vulnerable to the CMAS attack, its superior mechanical properties, such as high toughness and low Young’s modulus, make them still the state-of-the-art material, especially in terms of erosion resistance. Hence, it is essential to know the combined influence of erosion and corrosion attack of novel TBCs that form reaction products that restrict the CMAS infiltration. Current work focuses on a deeper understanding of the erosion behavior of CMAS-infiltrated EB-PVD Gd2Zr2O7 and 65YZ TBCs. The influence of different reaction products such as apatite, garnet, and spinel within the reaction layer on erosion failure was investigated more closely by measuring the hardness and Young’s modulus of the individual phases using in situ REM-Nanoindentation. Furthermore, a correlation between the erosion behavior and the factor hardness vs. Young’s modulus is drawn and presented. Having understood the weaknesses of GZO and 65YZ in CMAS and Erosion resistance, novel (Gdx,Y1-x)2Zr2O7 solid solution TBCs were developed using the EB-PVD jumping beam approach, and its corresponding CMAS infiltration behavior at high temperature is presented. The second half of this work presents the development of non-destructive testing of degraded TBCs due to the CMAS attack. Using 3D confocal Raman spectroscopy, the extent of thermochemical degradation was identified by mapping the monoclinic phase volume fraction (mPVF) throughout a standard EB-PVD 7YSZ TBC coating. The mPVF was characterized as a function of depth and infiltration time with microscale resolution. Phase transformation from t’ into the monoclinic due to the CMAS attack causes a detrimental volumetric expansion which introduces additional residual stresses. The Raman peak shift was used to evaluate the evolution of residual stresses within the infiltrated 7YSZ coating. This ability to quantitatively and non-destructively characterize the degradation of CMAS infiltrated TBCs will accelerate the development of degradation-resistant coatings.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/190763/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Development of CMAS resistant thermal barrier coatings: Challenges and implications
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Naraparaju, RavisankarUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3944-1132UNSPECIFIED
Mikulla, ChristophUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9367-8301UNSPECIFIED
Schulz, UweUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0362-8103UNSPECIFIED
Mechnich, P.WF-KSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2022
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:CMAS, EB-PVD, TBCs, erosion and 3D Raman confocal microscopy
Event Title:Thermal and Environmental Barrier Coatings
Event Location:Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:19 June 2022
Event End Date:24 June 2022
Organizer:ECI
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Clean Propulsion
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L CP - Clean Propulsion
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Advanced Materials and New Manufacturing Technologies
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > High Temperature and Functional Coatings
Institute of Materials Research > Structural and Functional ceramics
Deposited By: Naraparaju, Dr Ravisankar
Deposited On:28 Nov 2022 09:58
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:52

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