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Remote AFIS: Development and Validation of low-cost Remote Tower Concepts for uncontrolled Aerodromes

Reuschling, Fabian and Jakobi, Jörn (2022) Remote AFIS: Development and Validation of low-cost Remote Tower Concepts for uncontrolled Aerodromes. CEAS Aeronautical Journal, pp. 1067-1083. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s13272-022-00613-2. ISSN 1869-5590.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13272-022-00613-2


Remote tower systems are widely established as a means to provide efcient air trafc control (ATC) from a remote location. However, even these cost-efective systems cause procurement, implementation, and maintenance costs, which make them unafordable for non-ATC aerodromes with low revenues, often only ofering an aerodrome fight information service (AFIS) or UNICOM information service. In this paper, two more inexpensive concepts enabling remote control at these aerodromes are presented. They are based on a simplifed camera set-up comprising a pan-tilt-zoom-camera (PTZ-camera) and a simple panoramic camera. A virtual reality-headset (VR-headset) is used to display the video streams and to control the PTZ-camera. The results of a validation study with nine ATC and AFIS ofcers using live trafc at the Braunschweig-Wolfsburg aerodrome (BWE) are presented. They are discussed with respect to perceived usability, virtual reality induced cybersickness, and operator acceptance. The system’s cost is compared to that of a conventional remote tower set-up. Furthermore, measured objective data in the form of angular head rotation velocities are presented and requirements for the camera set-up are deduced. In conclusion, the developed concept utilizing both the panorama camera and PTZ-camera was found to be sufciently usable and accepted by the validation participants. In contrast, the concept based only on the PTZ-camera sufered from jerky and delayed camera movements leading to considerable cybersickness and making it barely usable.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/190450/
Document Type:Article
Title:Remote AFIS: Development and Validation of low-cost Remote Tower Concepts for uncontrolled Aerodromes
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Jakobi, JörnUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2352-2971UNSPECIFIED
Date:November 2022
Journal or Publication Title:CEAS Aeronautical Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1067-1083
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Series Name:CEAS Aeronautical Journal
Keywords:Remote Tower, AFIS, low-cost, Virtual Reality, Cybersickness
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Höver, Julia
Deposited On:21 Nov 2022 11:35
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 00:03

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