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Ozone, DNA-active UV radiation, and cloud changes for the near-global mean and at high latitudes due to enhanced greenhouse gas concentrations

Eleftheratos, Kostas and Kapsomenakis, John and Fountoulakis, Ilias and Zerefos, C. and Jöckel, Patrick and Dameris, Martin and Bais, Alkiviadis and Bernhard, Germar and Kouklaki, Dimitra and Tourpali, Kleareti and Stierle, Scott and Liley, Ben and Brogniez, Colette and Auriol, Frédérique and Diémoz, Henri and Simic, Stana and Petropavlovskikh, Irina and Lakkala, Kaisa and Douvis, Kostas (2022) Ozone, DNA-active UV radiation, and cloud changes for the near-global mean and at high latitudes due to enhanced greenhouse gas concentrations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) (22), pp. 12827-12855. Copernicus Publications. doi: 10.5194/acp-22-12827-2022. ISSN 1680-7316.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-12827-2022

Abstract

This study analyses the variability and trends of ultraviolet-B (UV-B, wavelength 280–320 nm) radiation that can cause DNA damage. The variability and trends caused by climate change due to enhanced greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations. The analysis is based on DNA-active irradiance, total ozone, total cloud cover, and surface albedo calculations with the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts – Hamburg (ECHAM)/Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy) Atmospheric Chemistry (EMAC) chemistry–climate model (CCM) free-running simulations following the RCP 6.0 climate scenario for the period 1960–2100. The model output is evaluated with DNA-active irradiance ground-based measurements, satellite SBUV (v8.7) totalozone measurements, and satellite MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra cloud cover data. The results show that the model reproduces the observed variability and change in total ozone, DNA-active irradiance, and cloud cover for the period 2000–2018 quite well according to the statistical comparisons. Between 50◦ N–50◦ S, the DNA-damaging UV radiation is expected to decrease until 2050 and to increase thereafter, as was shown previously by Eleftheratos et al. (2020).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/188815/
Document Type:Article
Title:Ozone, DNA-active UV radiation, and cloud changes for the near-global mean and at high latitudes due to enhanced greenhouse gas concentrations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Eleftheratos, KostasUniversity of Athens, Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Kapsomenakis, JohnAcademy of Athens, Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Fountoulakis, IliasUniversity of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Zerefos, C.University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Jöckel, PatrickDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8964-1394
Dameris, MartinDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Bais, AlkiviadisAcademy of Athens, Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Bernhard, GermarBiospherical Instruments Inc., San Diego, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kouklaki, DimitraUniversity of Athens, Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Tourpali, KlearetiAristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Stierle, ScottNOAA, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Liley, BenNIWA, Lauder, New Zealandhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8844-7928
Brogniez, ColetteUniv. des Science et Technologies de Lille, FUNSPECIFIED
Auriol, FrédériqueUniv. des Science et Technologies de Lille, FUNSPECIFIED
Diémoz, HenriARPA, Saint Christophe, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Simic, StanaUniversity Wien, Vienna, AUNSPECIFIED
Petropavlovskikh, IrinaCIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lakkala, KaisaFinnish Meteorol. Institute, Sodankylä, FinlandUNSPECIFIED
Douvis, KostasAcademy of Athens, Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Date:2022
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:10.5194/acp-22-12827-2022
Page Range:pp. 12827-12855
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:1680-7316
Status:Published
Keywords:stratosphere, chemistry-climate modelling, ozone recovery, climate change
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Atmospheric and climate research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Dameris, Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Martin
Deposited On:11 Oct 2022 09:46
Last Modified:20 Oct 2022 09:21

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