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CALLISTO: A Prototype Paving the Way for Reusable Launch Vehicles in Europe and Japan

Dumont, Etienne and Illig, Michel and Ishimoto, Shinji and Chavagnac, Christophe and Saito, Yasuhiro and Krummen, Sven and Eichel, Silas and Martens, Hauke and Giagkozoglou, Sofia and Häseker, Janis Sebastian and Ecker, Tobias and Klevanski, Josef and Krziwanie, Felix and Rotärmel, Waldemar and Schröder, Silvio and Schneider, Anton and Grimm, Christian and Woicke, Svenja and Sagliano, Marco and Schlotterer, Markus and Markgraf, Markus and Braun, Benjamin and Aicher, Moritz and Briese, Lale Evrim and Petkov, Ivaylo and Riehmer, Johannes and Reimann, Bodo (2022) CALLISTO: A Prototype Paving the Way for Reusable Launch Vehicles in Europe and Japan. 73rd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 18-22 September 2022, Paris, Frankreich.

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Japan and Europe are getting ready for the maiden flight of their new workhorse launch vehicles: H-3 and Ariane 6. While both vehicles are following an expendable design, reusable vertical take-off and vertical landing (VTVL) concepts are successfully tested and operated in the USA. This evolution has shown that reusability can be a solution for further improvement of competitiveness, versatility and sustainability of future launch system. In order to understand the specificities of reusable launch vehicles in terms of design, optimization and operations, and mature the required key technologies, CNES, DLR and JAXA have decided to join their competences in the project CALLISTO (Cooperative Action Leading to Launcher Innovation in Stage Toss - back Operations). The project aims at developing, building and testing a prototype vehicle which shall, without a technological precursor, demonstrate the mastering of flights and operations representative to a reusable launcher stage. Along all project phases, data and knowhow are being gained about design, manufacturing, operations and maintenance solutions, which are essential for the development of future operational vehicles. CALLISTO vehicle is about 13 m high and 1.1 m diameter, propelled by a JAXA LOX/LH2 engine able to reignite in flight and with continuous deep throttling capability. It is equipped with deployable landing legs and aerodynamic control surfaces. It will be operated from the Diamant launch pad at the French Guiana Space Centre and sized for about 10 flights following different mission profiles, opening the flight domain from low altitude test up to domain relevant for operational vehicles. This paper intends to give an overview about the current status of the project and especially the development status of the aerodynamic analyses, of selected products of the vehicle and of the ground segment.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/188663/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:CALLISTO: A Prototype Paving the Way for Reusable Launch Vehicles in Europe and Japan
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Chavagnac, ChristopheCNESUNSPECIFIED
Krummen, Svensven.krummen (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4126-688X
Eichel, SilasSilas.Eichel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Martens, HaukeHauke.Martens (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Giagkozoglou, SofiaSofia.Giagkozoglou (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Häseker, Janis SebastianJanis.Haeseker (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ecker, TobiasTobias.Ecker (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7134-1185
Klevanski, JosefJosef.Klevanski (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Krziwanie, FelixFelix.Krziwanie (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rotärmel, WaldemarWaldemar.Rotaermel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, SilvioSilvio.Schroeder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schneider, AntonAnton.Schneider (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Grimm, ChristianChristian.Grimm (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Woicke, SvenjaSvenja.Woicke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0864-9977
Sagliano, MarcoMarco.Sagliano (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schlotterer, MarkusMarkus.Schlotterer (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6565-3622
Markgraf, MarkusMarkus.Markgraf (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Braun, Benjaminbenjamin.braun (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0193-6607
Aicher, MoritzMoritz.Aicher (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Briese, Lale EvrimLale.Briese (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Petkov, IvayloIvaylo.Petkov (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Riehmer, JohannesJohannes.Riehmer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reimann, BodoBodo.Reimann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:21 September 2022
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:CALLISTO, Reusability, Demonstrator, RLV, VTVL, CSG
Event Title:73rd International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Paris, Frankreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:18-22 September 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project CALLISTO [RP]
Location: Braunschweig , Bremen , Göttingen , Köln-Porz , Oberpfaffenhofen , Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systems Engineering and Project Office
Institute of Structures and Design > Space System Integration
Institute of Space Systems > Quality Management and Product Assurance for Space Systems
Institute of Space Systems > Avionics Systems
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, GO
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Supersonoc and Hypersonic Technology
Institute of Space Systems > Land and Exploration Technology
Institute of Space Systems > Navigation and Control Systems
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > Space Flight Technology
Institute of System Dynamics and Control > Space System Dynamics
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, BS
Deposited By: Dumont, Etienne
Deposited On:06 Oct 2022 10:01
Last Modified:06 Oct 2022 10:01

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