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Assisting the Shuttles' Automation: On-Board Operators' Workplaces in Three Real-World Laboratories

Schrank, Andreas Gottfried and Kettwich, Carmen and Heß, Silvio and Oehl, Michael (2022) Assisting the Shuttles' Automation: On-Board Operators' Workplaces in Three Real-World Laboratories. 52nd Congress of the German Psychological Society, September 10-15, 2022, Hildesheim.

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Highly automated vehicles (HAVs) may enhance safety, eco-friendliness, and inclusivity in the mobility sector. Across Germany, a plethora of real-world laboratories with HAVs providing novel mobility solutions in real-world settings has been implemented recently. Due to technological and legal restraints, a steward is required on board of the HAV in all of them. This on-board operator’s task is overseeing driving operations and intervening if necessary, i.e., when the automation’s capability does not suffice to maintain safe driving operations. Three major HAV projects are presented as case studies with a focus on the on-board operators’ workplaces, their tasks, scenarios they are exposed to, and interactions with the driving automation to resolve these scenarios. After analyzing the projects’ communalities and idiosyncrasies, structured interviews with on-board operators were conducted. The interviews focused on the operators’ working environments, their tasks, and scenarios they were exposed to. Additionally, observations of HAV operations in the shuttles they supervise were carried out. The observations examined situations in which operators intervened, their frequency, and the ratio of automated versus manual driving periods. Results showed a highly similar task structure of on-board operators across the three investigated projects despite considerable differences regarding the HAVs’ capabilities of automation, frequency of manual interventions, and the operational contexts. In addition, the setups of workplaces vary substantially, particularly regarding the transparency of the automation’s decision-making process and ways to interact with the automation. Implications for psychologically grounded workplace design and further research will be discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/188288/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Assisting the Shuttles' Automation: On-Board Operators' Workplaces in Three Real-World Laboratories
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Schrank, Andreas GottfriedUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8352-1052UNSPECIFIED
Kettwich, CarmenUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6814-7058UNSPECIFIED
Oehl, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0871-2286UNSPECIFIED
Date:12 September 2022
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:on-board operator; safety operator; workplace analysis; highly automated vehicles; human-machine interaction
Event Title:52nd Congress of the German Psychological Society
Event Location:Hildesheim
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:September 10-15, 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - KoKoVI - Koordinierter kooperativer Verkehr mit verteilter, lernender Intelligenz
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Cooperative Systems, BS
Deposited By: Schrank, Andreas Gottfried
Deposited On:16 Sep 2022 13:48
Last Modified:12 Apr 2023 10:14

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