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Impact of Climate Change on the Energy Consumption of Passenger Car Vehicles

Hasselwander, Samuel and Galich, Anton and Nieland, Simon (2022) Impact of Climate Change on the Energy Consumption of Passenger Car Vehicles. World Electric Vehicle Journal, 13 (8). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/wevj13080146. ISSN 2032-6653.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2032-6653/13/8/146

Abstract

The energy consumption of passenger vehicles is affected by the physical properties of the environment. The ambient temperature in particular has a significant impact on the operating energy consumption. To quantify the impact of a changed climate on vehicles with different drivetrain systems, we set up a model that calculates the change in energy demand with respect to multiple global warming levels. In particular, the effect of rising temperatures on the energy consumption of battery electric vehicles and vehicles with internal combustion engines was investigated. Our results indicate that climate change will likely lead to a rise in energy consumption of vehicles with an internal combustion engine. This is mostly due to the increase in cabin climatization needs caused by the higher ambient temperatures. At a global warming level (GWL) of 4.0 °C, the calculated annual energy consumption on average is 2.1% higher than without taking the climate-change-related changes in temperature into account. Battery electric vehicles, on the other hand, are expected to have a lower overall energy consumption (up to -2.4% at 4 °C GWL) in cold and moderate climate zones. They benefit from the lower heating needs during winter caused by global warming.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/187795/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:Die Publikation ist im Rahmen des HI-CAM Projektes von der Helmholtz Gemeinschaft entstanden.
Title:Impact of Climate Change on the Energy Consumption of Passenger Car Vehicles
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hasselwander, SamuelSamuel.Hasselwander (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0805-9061
Galich, AntonAnton.Galich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6556-6705
Nieland, SimonSimon.Nieland (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1116-0646
Date:3 August 2022
Journal or Publication Title:World Electric Vehicle Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:13
DOI:10.3390/wevj13080146
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2032-6653
Status:Published
Keywords:climate change; vehicles; passenger car; battery electric; energy consumption; impact
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Transport und Klima, V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Institute of Transport Research > Passenger Transport
Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Deposited By: Hasselwander, Samuel
Deposited On:04 Aug 2022 13:33
Last Modified:04 Aug 2022 13:33

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