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In situ science on Phobos with the Raman spectrometer for MMX (RAX): preliminary design and feasibility of Raman meausrements

Cho, Yuichiro and Böttger, Ute and Rull, Fernando and Hübers, Heinz-Wilhelm and Belenguer, Tomas and Börner, Anko and Buder, Maximilian and Bunduki, Yuri and Dietz, Enrico and Hagelschuer, Till and Kameda, Shingo and Kopp, Emanuel and Lieder, Matthias and Lopez-Reyes, Guillermo and Moral Inza, Andoni Gaizka and Mori, Shoki and Ogura, Jo Akino and Paproth, Carsten and Canora, Carlos Perez and Pertenais, Martin and Peter, Gisbert and Prieto-Ballesteros, Olga and Rockstein, Steve and Rodd-Routley, Selene and Rodriguez Perez, Pablo and Ryan, Conor and Santamaria, Pilar and Säuberlich, Thomas and Schrandt, Friedrich and Schröder, Susanne and Stangarone, Claudia and Ulamec, Stephan and Usui, Tomohiro and Weber, Iris and Westerdorff, Karsten and Yumoto, Koki (2021) In situ science on Phobos with the Raman spectrometer for MMX (RAX): preliminary design and feasibility of Raman meausrements. Earth, Planets and Space, 73 (232). Springer. doi: 10.1186/s40623-021-01496-z. ISSN 1343-8832.

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Abstract

Mineralogy is the key to understanding the origin of Phobos and its position in the evolution of the Solar System. In situ Raman spectroscopy on Phobos is an important tool to achieve the scientifc objectives of the Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission, and maximize the scientifc merit of the sample return by characterizing the mineral composition and heterogeneity of the surface of Phobos. Conducting in situ Raman spectroscopy in the harsh environment of Phobos requires a very sensitive, compact, lightweight, and robust instrument that can be carried by the compact MMX rover. In this context, the Raman spectrometer for MMX (i.e., RAX) is currently under development via international collaboration between teams from Japan, Germany, and Spain. To demonstrate the capability of a compact Raman system such as RAX, we built an instrument that reproduces the optical performance of the fight model using commercial of-the-shelf parts. Using this performance model, we measured mineral samples relevant to Phobos and Mars, such as anhydrous silicates, carbonates, and hydrous minerals. Our measurements indicate that such minerals can be accurately identifed using a RAX-like Raman spectrometer. We demonstrated a spectral resolution of approximately 10 cm−1, high enough to resolve the strongest olivine Raman bands at ~820 and ~850 cm−1, with highly sensitive Raman peak measurements (e.g., signal-to-noise ratios up to 100). These results strongly suggest that the RAX instrument will be capable of determining the minerals expected on the surface of Phobos, adding valuable information to address the question of the moon’s origin, heterogeneity, and circum-Mars material transport.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/187684/
Document Type:Article
Title:In situ science on Phobos with the Raman spectrometer for MMX (RAX): preliminary design and feasibility of Raman meausrements
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Cho, YuichiroThe University of Tokyo, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciencehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2749-2204UNSPECIFIED
Böttger, UteUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rull, FernandoDepartment of Condensed Matter Physics, Crystallography and Mineralogy, Valladolid University, Valladolid, Spain.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hübers, Heinz-WilhelmUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Belenguer, TomasInstituto National de Técnica Aerospacial (INTA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Börner, AnkoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Buder, MaximilianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bunduki, YuriUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dietz, EnricoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hagelschuer, TillUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kameda, ShingoDep. of Physics, Rikkyo University, TokyoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kopp, EmanuelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3450-906XUNSPECIFIED
Lieder, MatthiasDLR, Institut für Optische SensorsystemeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lopez-Reyes, GuillermoDepartment of Condensed Matter Physics, Crystallography and Mineralogy, Valladolid University, Valladolid, Spain.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Moral Inza, Andoni GaizkaInstituto National de Técnica Aerospacial (INTA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mori, ShokiThe University of Tokyo, Department of Earth and Planetary ScienceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ogura, Jo AkinoThe University of Tokyo, Department of Earth and Planetary ScienceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Paproth, CarstenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Canora, Carlos PerezInstituto National de Técnica Aerospacial (INTA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pertenais, MartinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Peter, GisbertUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6101-2513UNSPECIFIED
Prieto-Ballesteros, OlgaCentro de Astrobiologia, CSIC-INTA, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rockstein, SteveDLR, Institut für Optische SensorsystemeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rodd-Routley, SeleneUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8864-0891UNSPECIFIED
Rodriguez Perez, PabloInstituto National de Técnica Aerospacial (INTA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ryan, ConorUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Santamaria, PilarInstituto National de Técnica Aerospacial (INTA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Säuberlich, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schrandt, FriedrichDLR, Institut für Optische SensorsystemeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, SusanneUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1870-3663UNSPECIFIED
Stangarone, ClaudiaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ulamec, StephanUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8856-4622UNSPECIFIED
Usui, TomohiroJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Weber, IrisWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Westerdorff, KarstenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yumoto, KokiThe University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, JapanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:19 December 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Earth, Planets and Space
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:73
DOI:10.1186/s40623-021-01496-z
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Springer, OpenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1343-8832
Status:Published
Keywords:Raman spectroscopy, Raman spectrometer for MMX (RAX), Phobos, Mineralogy, In situ analysis, Sample return, Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) return, Martian Moons eXploration (MMX
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project MMX - SystEng, Ops + Science
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Optical Sensor Systems
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Real-Time Data Processing
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Space Instruments
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Herrmann, Astrid
Deposited On:28 Jul 2022 11:32
Last Modified:19 Dec 2023 08:36

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