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Introduction: Basics, History and Overview

Fürstenau, Norbert and Jakobi, Jörn and Papenfuß, Anne (2022) Introduction: Basics, History and Overview. In: Virtual and Remote Tower (2nd edition) - Research, Design, Development, Validation and Implementation Research Topics in Aerospace. Springer Publishers. pp. 3-22. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-93650-1_1. ISBN 978-3-030-93649-5. ISSN 2194-8240.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-93650-1


Since more than fifteen years an increasing interest is observed worldwide in remote control of low traffic airports by means of some kind of virtual control tower. As outlined in the Foreword by Steve Ellis and in the Preface to the 1st ed. of this book, “Virtual Tower” depicts the idea of replacing the out-of-the-window (OTW) view from a conventional control tower on airports by a Remote Tower Control Center (RTC) relying on advanced video, image processing, and virtual reality technologies. It eliminates the need for direct visual observation and consequently the requirement for a costly tower building at an exposed location in visual distance from the runway. The virtual/remote tower idea is connected with a paradigm change in air transportation due to the growth of low-cost carriers and the corresponding increased usage of small airports which nevertheless require air traffic services (ATS). Cost constraints require new ideas and concepts to meet these requirements, and the control of one or more small airports from a remote location without the need of a direct visual observation from a local tower is one of these visions. After providing in Sect. 1 of this introduction some basics of air traffic control in the airport vicinity, we continue in Sect. 2 with a personal account of Virtual and Remote Control Tower research from the DLR perspective. The section covers the time frame from initial ideas around 2001 to 2014, including advanced video and VR technologies, addressing first operational shadow mode tests of the HMI prototype, and finishing with patent licensing to an industrial partner. In Sect. 3 the focus is on the development and implementation phase between 2010 and 2020, covering the important aspect of multiple remote tower (MRT) operation and standardization within the growing international context. The concluding Sect. 4 contains an overview on the twenty-two Chapters and four technical Appendices of this second edition of the Virtual and Remote Tower book.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/187438/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Introduction: Basics, History and Overview
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Jakobi, JörnUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2352-2971UNSPECIFIED
Papenfuß, AnneUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0686-7006UNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Virtual and Remote Tower (2nd edition) - Research, Design, Development, Validation and Implementation
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 3-22
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Publisher:Springer Publishers
Series Name:Research Topics in Aerospace
Keywords:Aerodrome control tower Remote tower operation concept Multiple remote tower control ICAO RTO history Video panorama Augmented Vision RTO prototype Standardization Implementation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Höver, Julia
Deposited On:16 Aug 2022 08:55
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 00:02

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