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Life Cycle Assessment of Power-to-Liquid for Aviation: A Case Study of a Passenger Aircraft

Papantoni, Veatriki and Linke, Florian and Dahlmann, Katrin and Kühlen, Markus and Silberhorn, Daniel and Brand, Urte and Vogt, Thomas (2022) Life Cycle Assessment of Power-to-Liquid for Aviation: A Case Study of a Passenger Aircraft. In: E3S Web of Conferences, 349. 10th International Conference on Life Cycle Management (LCM 2021), 1.-8. September 2021, Stuttgart (online), Deutschland. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202234902003. ISSN 1757-8981.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202234902003


The aviation sector is estimated to require a widespread deployment of sustainable fuels next to developments in aircraft technology and improvements in operations and infrastructure to efficiently reduce its climate impact. A possible pathway for more sustainable aviation fuels could be fuel production using hydrogen via water electrolysis with renewable energy followed by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, also known as Power-to-Liquid (PtL). In order to investigate whether this fuel pathway contributes to the reduction in environmental impacts, we conduct an environmental Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) compared to fossil fuel for the use in a narrow-body shortto medium-haul aircraft fleet. Within the LCA, the focus lies on the phases of fuel production and operation of the aircraft’s life cycle. Unlike most LCA studies in aviation, the impacts of the flight emissions are computed based on the aircraft characteristics and considering the geographic position and altitude of the aircraft for a global route network. Since the aircraft design is not affected by the fuel types under investigation, the aircraft production and end-of-life phases are not considered in the LCA. This contribution shows the potential of PtL for aviation in a well-to-wake environmental sustainability analysis considering climate change and nine additional impact categories.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/186525/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Life Cycle Assessment of Power-to-Liquid for Aviation: A Case Study of a Passenger Aircraft
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Papantoni, VeatrikiVeatriki.Papantoni (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1036-5981
Linke, FlorianFlorian.Linke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1403-3471
Dahlmann, KatrinDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3198-1713
Kühlen, MarkusMarkus.Kuehlen (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2001-9935
Silberhorn, DanielDaniel.Silberhorn (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Brand, UrteUrte.Brand (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Vogt, ThomasT.Vogt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6268-8694
Date:20 May 2022
Journal or Publication Title:E3S Web of Conferences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:life cycle assessment, power-to-liquid, aviation
Event Title:10th International Conference on Life Cycle Management (LCM 2021)
Event Location:Stuttgart (online), Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:1.-8. September 2021
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Energy System Design
HGF - Program Themes:Energy System Transformation
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy System Technology and Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Hamburg , Oberpfaffenhofen , Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis, OL
Air Transport Operations
Institute of System Architectures in Aeronautics
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Papantoni, Veatriki
Deposited On:07 Jun 2022 11:43
Last Modified:25 Jul 2022 06:46

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