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The Capabilities of Dedicated Small Satellite Infrared Missions for the Quantitative Characterization of Wildfires

Halle, Winfried and Fischer, Christian and Oertel, Dieter and Zhukov, Boris (2022) The Capabilities of Dedicated Small Satellite Infrared Missions for the Quantitative Characterization of Wildfires. Journal of Imaging. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/jimaging8030078. ISSN 2313-433X.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2313-433X/8/3/78/htm


The main objective of this paper was to demonstrate the capability of dedicated small satellite infrared sensors with cooled quantum detectors, such as those successfully utilized three times in Germany’s pioneering BIRD and FireBIRD small satellite infrared missions, in the quantitative characterization of high-temperature events such as wildfires. The Bi-spectral Infrared Detection (BIRD) mission was launched in October 2001. The space segment of FireBIRD consists of the small satellites Technologie Erprobungs-Träger (TET-1), launched in July 2012, and Bi-spectral InfraRed Optical System (BIROS), launched in June 2016. These missions also significantly improved the scientific understanding of space-borne fire monitoring with regard to climate change. The selected examples compare the evaluation of quantitative characteristics using data from BIRD or FireBIRD and from the operational polar orbiting IR sensor systems MODIS, SLSTR and VIIRS. Data from the geostationary satellite “Himawari-8” were compared with FireBIRD data, obtained simultaneously. The geostationary Meteosat Third Generation-Imager (MTG-I) is foreseen to be launched at the end of 2022. In its application to fire, the MTG-I’s Flexible Combined Imager (FCI) will provide related spectral bands at ground sampling distances (GSD) of 3.8 µm and 10.5 µm at the sub-satellite point (SSP) of 1 km or 2 km, depending on the used FCI imaging mode. BIRD wildfire data, obtained over Africa and Portugal, were used to simulate the fire detection and monitoring capability of MTG-I/FCI. A new quality of fire monitoring is predicted, if the 1 km resolution wildfire data from MTG-1/FCI are used together with the co-located fire data acquired by the polar orbiting Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), and possibly prospective FireBIRD-type compact IR sensors flying on several small satellites in various low Earth orbits (LEOs).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/186222/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Capabilities of Dedicated Small Satellite Infrared Missions for the Quantitative Characterization of Wildfires
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Halle, WinfriedUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0498-6570UNSPECIFIED
Date:18 March 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Imaging
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Series Name:Infrared-Image Processing for Climate Change Monitoring from Space)
Keywords:fire detection; fire monitoring; fire attributes; infrared sensors; small satellites; fire radiative power (FRP)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project FireBIRD Mission Operations (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > High-Speed Electronics
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Real-Time Data Processing
Deposited By: Halle, Winfried
Deposited On:26 Apr 2022 10:26
Last Modified:26 Apr 2022 10:26

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