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Building back better: The COVID-19 pandemic and transport policy implications for a developing megacity

Hasselwander, Marc and Tamagusko, Tiago and Bigotte, Joao F. and Ferreira, Adelino and Mejia, Alvin and Ferranti, Emma J.S. (2021) Building back better: The COVID-19 pandemic and transport policy implications for a developing megacity. 13th CITTA Annual Conference on Planning Research: Planning for Human Scale Cities, 2. Juli 2021, Portugal.

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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected human mobility via lockdowns, social distancing rules, home quarantines, and the full or partial suspension of transportation. Evidence-based policy recommendations are urgently needed to ensure that transport systems have resilience to future pandemic outbreaks, particularly within Global South megacities where demand for public transport is high and reduced access can exacerbate socio-economic inequalities. This study focuses on Metro Manila – a characteristic megacity that experienced one of the most stringent lockdowns worldwide. It analyzes aggregated cell phone and GPS data from Google and Apple that provide a comprehensive representation of mobility behavior before and during the lockdown. While significant decreases are observed for all transport modes, public transport experienced the largest drop (−74.5 %, on average). The study demonstrates that: (i) those most reliant on public transport were disproportionately affected by lockdowns; (ii) public transport was unable to fulfil its role as public service; and, (iii) this drove a paradigm shift towards active mobility. Moving forwards, in the short-term policymakers must promote active mobility and prioritize public transport to reduce unequal access to transport. Longer-term, policymakers must leverage the increased active transport to encourage modal shift via infrastructure investment, and better utilize big data to support decision-making.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/186116/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Building back better: The COVID-19 pandemic and transport policy implications for a developing megacity
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hasselwander, Marcmarc.hasselwander (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0852-5093
Tamagusko, TiagoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bigotte, Joao F.jbigotte (at) dec.uc.ptUNSPECIFIED
Ferreira, AdelinoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mejia, AlvinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ferranti, Emma J.S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:COVID-19 response; Mobility behavior; Resilient transport systems; Social equity; Big data analysis; Longitudinal case study
Event Title:13th CITTA Annual Conference on Planning Research: Planning for Human Scale Cities
Event Location:Portugal
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2. Juli 2021
Organizer:CITTA - Research Centre for Territory, Transports and Environment
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Ökonver II
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Deposited By: Hasselwander, Marc
Deposited On:02 May 2022 22:29
Last Modified:02 May 2022 22:29

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