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Thermal Storage Power Plants (TSPP) - Operation modes for flexible renewable power supply

Trieb, Franz and Liu, Pai and Koll, Gerrit (2022) Thermal Storage Power Plants (TSPP) - Operation modes for flexible renewable power supply. Journal of Energy Storage. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.est.2022.104282. ISSN 2352-152X.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2022.104282


The paper at hand presents a simulation model for Thermal Storage Power Plants (TSPP). Such plants can theoretically cover highly variable residual load patterns during the transition from fossil to renewable electricity supply. TSPP can use electricity surplus from the grid, photovoltaic power and biomass or – during transition – natural gas as primary energy sources in order to generate highly flexible power just on demand. The core of a TSPP is a Carnot Battery consistent of an electric heater, a large-scale high-temperature heat storage and a Rankine power cycle. Gas turbines with waste heat recovery can be added for occasional peak loads that exceed the capacity of the steam turbine. After a brief introduction that explains the challenges of the energy transition that can be tackled by TSPP, the paper describes basic configurations and operation modes and the equations and parameters of the simulation model used for this analysis. After that, the feasibility of TSPP is tested for different configurations by modelling their technical and economical performance in the frame of highly variable residual load patterns derived from a 90% renewable electricity scenario in Germany. Finally, the results of this analysis and an outlook for further work are discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/185522/
Document Type:Article
Title:Thermal Storage Power Plants (TSPP) - Operation modes for flexible renewable power supply
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Trieb, Franzfranz.trieb (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0709-4906
Liu, Paipai.liu (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Koll, Gerritgerrit.koll (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:4 March 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Energy Storage
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.est.2022.104282
Keywords:flexible solar power, firm capacity, Carnot Battery (CB), renewable electricity, heat storage, Thermal Storage Power Plant (TSPP)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Storage Power Plants
Deposited By: Trieb, Franz
Deposited On:14 Mar 2022 14:14
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:14

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