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Concept of Operations and Preliminary Design of a Modular Multi-Arm Robot using Standard Interconnects for On-Orbit Large Assembly

Deremetz, Mathieu and Grunwald, Gerhard and Cavenago, Francesco and Roa Garzon, Máximo Alejandro and De Stefano, Marco and Mishra, Hrishik and Reiner, Matthias and Govindaraj, Shashank and But, Alexandru and Sanz Nieto, Irene and Gancet, Jeremi and Letier, Pierre and Ilzkovitz, Michel and Gerdes, Levin and Zwick, Martin (2021) Concept of Operations and Preliminary Design of a Modular Multi-Arm Robot using Standard Interconnects for On-Orbit Large Assembly. In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC. 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC),, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ISSN 0074-1795.

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Abstract

The capability of assembling large structures in space is essential to meet the requirements of the future space exploitation and exploration missions. Whether for collecting solar power, or reflecting radio signals or light, dimensions matter. In fact, large structure are continuously increasing in size to bring increased scientific (or commercial) benefits. The studies conducted today foresee structures that will be too large to be launched into orbit as a single self-deploying piece that can be contained in standard launcher fairings. While few concepts exist to perform self-deployment of large structures in space, the approach taken here is based on standard modules that will be assembled in space by a robotic system launched along with the modules. Furthermore, it is assumed that the spacecraft structure and modules will be equipped with Standard Interconnects (SI) that will allow their mating to each other and to the robot system for manipulation/transport, as well as allowing the robot system to move across the structure. This paper introduces the concept of operations and preliminary flight model design of a novel modular multi- arm robot (MAR). The MAR is composed of three modules - a torso and two symmetrical 7-degree of freedom (DOF) anthropomorphic arms with non-spherical wrists - that are functionally independent and can be connected by the means of SIs to form the MAR. The torso is the main body of the robot. This mechanical hub can mate with three other modules (arms and/or payloads). The torso can also be attached directly to the spacecraft structure. It provides the required power, synchronizes and forwards high-level information to its connected modules and hosting spacecraft. The torso is equipped with exteroceptive sensors for monitoring purposes. The two 7-DOF manipulators are the limbs of the MAR: they serve as arms or legs depending on the desired configuration and are used to manipulate payloads or to relocate the robot. The MAR modular approach aims at reducing the burden of developing and launching a complex, large and monolithic robotic system by splitting it into a smaller number of more manageable components. By taking advantage of separating and recombining the manipulators in different configurations, this approach extends the range of possible operations and provides an intrinsic system redundancy that reduces overall mission risks. The MAR concept introduced in this paper is developed as part of the European Space Agency’s MIRROR project.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/147153/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Concept of Operations and Preliminary Design of a Modular Multi-Arm Robot using Standard Interconnects for On-Orbit Large Assembly
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Deremetz, MathieuSpace Applications ServicesUNSPECIFIED
Grunwald, GerhardGerhard.Grunwald (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Cavenago, FrancescoLeonardo S.p.AUNSPECIFIED
Roa Garzon, Máximo AlejandroMaximo.Roa (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1708-4223
De Stefano, Marcomarco.destefano (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3777-9487
Mishra, Hrishikhrishik.mishra (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5025-2447
Reiner, MatthiasMatthias.Reiner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Govindaraj, ShashankSpace Applications ServicesUNSPECIFIED
But, AlexandruSpace Applications ServicesUNSPECIFIED
Sanz Nieto, IreneSpace Applications ServicesUNSPECIFIED
Gancet, JeremiSpace Applications ServicesUNSPECIFIED
Letier, PierreSpace Application ServicesUNSPECIFIED
Ilzkovitz, MichelSpace Application ServicesUNSPECIFIED
Gerdes, LevinEuropean Space Agency (ESA)UNSPECIFIED
Zwick, MartinEuropean Space Agency (ESA)UNSPECIFIED
Date:9 December 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
ISSN:0074-1795
Status:Published
Keywords:Space robotics, Relocatable robot, Modular robot, Mechanism Design of Manipulators, Standard Interconnects
Event Title:72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC),
Event Location:Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Robotics
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RO - Robotics
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - OOS: Virtual Reality [RO]
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Analysis and Control of Advanced Robotic Systems
Deposited By: De Stefano, Marco
Deposited On:10 Dec 2021 00:04
Last Modified:10 Dec 2021 00:04

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