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Towards a Reusable First Stage Demonstrator: CALLISTO - Technical Progresses & Challenges

Krummen, Sven and Desmariaux, Jean and Saito, Yasuhiro and Boldt, Marcelo and Briese, Lale Evrim and Cesco, Nathalie and Chavagnac, Christophe and CLIQUET-MORENO, Elisa and Dumont, Etienne and Ecker, Tobias and Eichel, Silas and Ertl, Moritz and Giagkozoglou, Sofia and Glaser, Thilo and Grimm, Christian and Illig, Michel and Ishimoto, Shinji and Klevanski, Josef and Lidon, Norbert and Mierheim, Olaf and Niccolai, Jean-François and Reershemius, Siebo and Reimann, Bodo and Riehmer, Johannes and Sagliano, Marco and Scheufler, Henning and Schneider, Anton and Schröder, Silvio and Schwarz, René and Seelbinder, David and Stief, Malte and Windelberg, Jens and Woicke, Svenja (2021) Towards a Reusable First Stage Demonstrator: CALLISTO - Technical Progresses & Challenges. In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC. 72th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 25.-29. Okt. 2021, Dubai, VAE. ISSN 0074-1795.

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In order to investigate the capabilities of a reusable launch system, JAXA, CNES and DLR have jointly initiated the project CALLISTO ("Cooperative Action Leading to Launcher Innovation for Stage Toss-back Operations"). The goal of this cooperation is to launch, recover and reuse a first stage demonstrator to increase the maturity of technologies necessary for future operational reusable launch vehicles (RLV) and to build up know-how on such vehicles under operational and developmental aspects. As the project has now turned into the detailed design phase, significant technical progresses have been made in definition, analysis and testing of systems and subsystems. The CALLISTO vehicle itself constitutes a subscale vertical take-off vertical landing (VTVL) stage with an overall length of 13.5 m and a take-off mass of less than 4 tons, which is propelled by a throttleable LOX/LH2 engine. It is capable to perform up to 10 consecutive flights during the planned flight campaign in French Guiana. Globally, the development effort on this system is equally shared between the three project partners. This paper presents the recent achievements in development of the key technologies for the reusable launch vehicle. While the design of critical subsystems has reached PDR level, detailed analyses and first breadboard tests have been performed successfully. These results are presented and discussed within the perimeter of the CALLISTO development roadmap. Possible technical challenges are indicated and their resolution methods are examined. Finally, the upcoming development steps are described which are foreseen to move forward to the qualification and maiden flight campaign.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/147143/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:IAC-21-D2.6.1
Title:Towards a Reusable First Stage Demonstrator: CALLISTO - Technical Progresses & Challenges
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Krummen, Svensven.krummen (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4126-688X
Briese, Lale EvrimLale.Briese (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Chavagnac, ChristopheCNESUNSPECIFIED
CLIQUET-MORENO, ElisaCNES Launchers Directorate, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Ecker, TobiasTobias.Ecker (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7134-1185
Ertl, MoritzMoritz.Ertl (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1900-5122
Giagkozoglou, SofiaSofia.Giagkozoglou (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Glaser, ThiloThilo.Glaser (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Grimm, Christianchristian.grimm (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4490-7424
Klevanski, JosefJosef.Klevanski (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mierheim, OlafOlaf.Mierheim (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5399-8685
Niccolai, Jean-FrançoisCNESUNSPECIFIED
Reershemius, SieboSiebo.Reershemius (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1860-2758
Reimann, BodoBodo.Reimann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7765-7295
Riehmer, JohannesJohannes.Riehmer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sagliano, Marcomarco.sagliano (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1026-0693
Scheufler, HenningHenning.Scheufler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schneider, AntonAnton.Schneider (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, SilvioSilvio.Schroeder (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6159-1535
Schwarz, Renérene.schwarz (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8255-9451
Seelbinder, DavidDavid.Seelbinder (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4080-3169
Stief, MalteMalte.Stief (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Windelberg, JensJens.Windelberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9249-2967
Woicke, SvenjaSvenja.Woicke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0864-9977
Date:29 October 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:CALLISTO, reusable launch vehicle (RLV), vertical take-off vertical landing (VTVL)
Event Title:72th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Dubai, VAE
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:25.-29. Okt. 2021
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project CALLISTO [RP]
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systems Engineering and Project Office
Institute of Space Systems > Mechanic and Thermal Systems
Institute of System Dynamics and Control > Space System Dynamics
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, GO
Institute of Structures and Design > Space System Integration
Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Functional Lightweight Structures
Institute of Space Systems > Land and Exploration Technology
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Supersonoc and Hypersonic Technology
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, BS
Institute of Space Systems > Navigation and Control Systems
Institute of Space Systems > Transport and Propulsion System
Institute of Flight Systems > Safety Critical Systems&Systems Engineering
Deposited By: Krummen, Sven
Deposited On:13 Dec 2021 08:43
Last Modified:15 Mar 2022 11:11

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