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Assessing Long-Term Impacts of Automation on Freight Transport and Logistics Networks: Large-Scale LRP Integrated in Microscopic Transport Simulation

Deineko, Elija and Thaller, Carina and Liedtke, Gernot (2022) Assessing Long-Term Impacts of Automation on Freight Transport and Logistics Networks: Large-Scale LRP Integrated in Microscopic Transport Simulation. EWGT 2021, 08.-10. Sep. 2021, Aveiro, Portugal.

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Abstract

Up to now, bulk transports have been carried out via a hub-and-spoke network in the general cargo sector. However, it is expected that the use of autonomous vehicles will enable a more flexible delivery. Such developments may, economically, make sense for shippers. From an ecological point of view, also negative effects can be expected due to enhanced transport performance. For this reason, in the framework of the research project "Digitalisation in transport sector" funded by Federal Environment Agency, we investigate the impacts of automation on general cargo transport at the logistics network level as well as the resulting economic and ecological effects. For assessing the impacts of autonomous vehicles on logistics network structures and on freight transport routes ex-ante, an instrument for strategic transport and logistics network planning is needed. We develop an efficient meta-heuristic to find new facilities and adjust the network, while thereby considering the routing characteristics by tackling the large-scale location routing problem i.e. LRP. By the linked approach, we can estimate the exact logistics network and coordinates and measure exact transport distances, driving transport lead times and number of necessary vehicles on the infrastructure network. In the framework of the case study food retail distribution in Germany, we operationalize this approach and evaluate the new optimized network as well as investigate the logistics effects. In fact, this research reveals that the utilization of autonomous vehicles significantly enhances transportation ranges, and the number of tours, while reducing the number of operating facilities. Other impacts such as shifting towards a more direct transportation mode choice have also been observed due to the reorganized network.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/146928/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Assessing Long-Term Impacts of Automation on Freight Transport and Logistics Networks: Large-Scale LRP Integrated in Microscopic Transport Simulation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Deineko, ElijaElija.Deineko (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Thaller, CarinaCarina.Thaller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Liedtke, GernotGernot.Liedtke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8482-2236
Date:2022
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Automation; freight transport; logistics network; Location Routing Problem; logistics network optimization; tour planning; tour optimization; microscopic agent-based transport simulation; food retail distribution; continuum approximation;
Event Title:EWGT 2021
Event Location:Aveiro, Portugal
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:08.-10. Sep. 2021
Organizer:24th EURO Working Group on Transportation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Zukunftsbilder eines automatisierten integrierten Verkehrssystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Commercial Transport
Deposited By: Deineko, Elija
Deposited On:13 Dec 2021 12:57
Last Modified:13 Dec 2021 12:58

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