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Detect and Avoid for Unmanned Aircraft in Very Low Level Airspace

Schalk, Lukas Marcel and Peinecke, Niklas (2021) Detect and Avoid for Unmanned Aircraft in Very Low Level Airspace. In: Automated Low-Altitude Air Delivery - Towards Autonomous Cargo Transportation with Drones Research Topics in Aerospace. Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-83144-8_14. ISBN 978-3-030-83143-1.

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Regular aviation does usually not utilize the very low level airspace below 150 m. Even so, this altitude range cannot be exclusively reserved for the operation of unmanned aircraft. Therefore, measures have to be implemented to avoid mid-air collisions, especially with manned aviation. Primarily, the mid-air collision risk is supposed to be reduced on a strategic level preflight by thorough flight route planning and making use of advanced unmanned aircraft system traffic man-agement concepts. Besides, the residual mid-air collision risk is supposed to be re-duced on a tactical level through the use of detect and avoid systems, which sup-port remote pilots especially during flights beyond visual line of sight. However, an accepted technical solution for unmanned aircraft does not exist at the mo-ment. On that account, the contribution of this chapter is three-fold. First, we iden-tify suitable detect and avoid system architectures. Second, we review suitable cooperative sensor technologies. Third, we determine the minimum required sen-sor range in simulations. As a result, we propose a solution for operation in Euro-pean airspace that is already available: FLARM cooperative sensors onboard the UA surveille the surrounding airspace and the remote pilot tracks intruders and commands avoidance maneuvers.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/146714/
Document Type:Contribution to a Collection
Title:Detect and Avoid for Unmanned Aircraft in Very Low Level Airspace
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Peinecke, NiklasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6683-2323UNSPECIFIED
Date:November 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Automated Low-Altitude Air Delivery - Towards Autonomous Cargo Transportation with Drones
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Dauer, Johann C.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8287-2376UNSPECIFIED
Series Name:Research Topics in Aerospace
Keywords:ADS-B, collision avoidance, cooperative sensors, detect and avoid, FLARM, self-separation, unmanned aircraft, unmanned aircraft systems
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Cyber-Security Centric Communication, Navigation and Surveillance
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Deposited By: Schalk, Lukas Marcel
Deposited On:08 Dec 2021 11:23
Last Modified:03 Aug 2023 09:50

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