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Roles in the Teleoperation of Highly Automated Vehicles in Public Transport

Schrank, Andreas Gottfried and Kettwich, Carmen (2021) Roles in the Teleoperation of Highly Automated Vehicles in Public Transport. 7th International HUMANIST Conference, October 26-27, 2021, Rhodes, Greece.

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Abstract

Teleoperation is a promising approach to boost the introduction of highly automated driving. It transfers exceptionally challenging driving tasks from the vehicle’s automation to a human operator who remote-controls the automated vehicle (AV). Particularly in public transport, teleoperated driving could contribute significantly to flexible mobility solutions such as on-demand shuttle services on the “last mile” between a major hub of transport, e.g., a train station, and the final destination (Hamburger Hochbahn, 2021; RealLab Hamburg, 2020). In order to link teleoperated AVs with other means of transport and coordinate subtasks of teleoperated driving, facilities with distinct roles and responsibilities regarding the teleoperation of AVs, so-called Remote Operation Centers (ROCs), may facilitate safe and efficient AV operations embedded in public transport. Their structure und roles entailed are described in this paper. The ROCs will be responsible both for monitoring AV operations in a specified area overall and intervening in case of disturbances. Their architecture is based on the assumption that vehicles will be widely automated (SAE level 4 (Society of Automotive Engineers, 2021)), i.e., they will be operational under a plethora of Operational Design Domains (ODDs), covering most use cases. Interventions by the operator are therefore not critical for ensuring safety, as the automation will be able to conduct minimum risk maneuvers and bring itself to a safe halt without posing a threat to surrounding traffic. Rather than that, human operators will be able to extend the range of available ODDs. Thus, human intervention is optional but increases operational efficiency and passenger satisfaction. A ROC will be comprised of the following central roles: a central manager and overseer of operations, the Remote Coordinator (RC), several operators who execute direct driving tasks, the Remote Driving Operators (RDOs), and one or more Remote System Operators (RSOs) that maintain the backend of remote-operation, and a couple of peripheral roles. Each role entails a certain set of requirements, tasks and responsibilities and requires a distinct human-machine interaction (HMI) concept for a workstation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/146608/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Roles in the Teleoperation of Highly Automated Vehicles in Public Transport
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Schrank, Andreas GottfriedAndreas.Schrank (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8352-1052
Kettwich, CarmenCarmen.Kettwich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6814-7058
Date:2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:teleoperation, automated driving, role models, public transport
Event Title:7th International HUMANIST Conference
Event Location:Rhodes, Greece
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:October 26-27, 2021
Organizer:HUMANIST - Virtual Centre of Excellence
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Cooperative Systems, BS
Deposited By: Schrank, Andreas Gottfried
Deposited On:09 Dec 2021 11:16
Last Modified:09 Dec 2021 11:16

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