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Structural Design and Aerodynamic Validation of Morphing Compressor Blades Concepts

Montano Rejas, Zhuzhell and Seidler, Marcel and Riemenschneider, Johannes and Friedrichs, Jens (2021) Structural Design and Aerodynamic Validation of Morphing Compressor Blades Concepts. In: ICAST 2021 - International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies 2021. ETH Zürich. International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies 2021, 05.-.08. Okt. 2021, Zürich, Schweiz (Online).

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Official URL: https://icast2021.ethz.ch/

Abstract

Current international environmental goals aim to reduce polluting emissions from transportation. In order to comply with these goals and make aviation more environmentally friendly, it is necessary to improve aircraft performance. Since todays aircraft are designed by following a single design point development process, one way in which efficiency can be improved is to realize high performance during all or most flight phases. For this, it is necessary to proceed towards a development process that can adapt to different flying conditions and requirements and that can also cover multidisciplinary aspects. Since an engine’s performance and therefore the compressor performance is crucial for an aircraft’s overall efficiency, it is possible to increase performance by designing compressor blades capable of adapting themselves to different flying conditions, such as cruise and take-off or climbing. Within the frame of the Sustainable and Energy Efficient Aviation Excellence Cluster, funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany´s Excellence Strategy – EXC 2163/1 - Sustainable and Energy Efficient Aviation – Project-ID 390881007, the use of structurally integrated actuators made of piezo-electric materials or shape memory alloys, which are embedded onto compressor blades for modifying their shapes, is being investigated. The goal of this study is to increase the aerodynamic performance of the blade by structurally changing its shape, so that it offers an optimal geometry under diverse flow conditions. By expanding or contracting surface integrated actuators, it is possible to achieve different blade geometries that correspondingly satisfy the necessary design and off-design operating conditions. Possible geometric changes include but are not limited to modifications of camber, spanwise turning and stagger. In order to analyze the effects of shape adaption of the morphing blades, it is necessary to study the aerodynamic sensitivity of the deformed rotor blade geometries. To illustrate this process, this work first presents the results for two piezo-actuated morphing blade cases, the first focusing on an increment in the maximum camber of the blade and the second on a change in the blade’s twist angle. The aerodynamic validation for these morphing configurations compares the resulting structurally morphed shapes with the aerodynamic pre-design adaption expectations. The results of this comparison enable the analysis of the aero-structural discrepancies and serve to optimize the blade design. For achieving these results and performing the necessary aero-structural analysis, the morphing blade structure is studied with the help of FEM simulations allowing to calculate the morphed shapes. The adaption results are then transferred to the aerodynamics and further analyzed with the help of stationary 3D RANS CFX simulations, also focusing on the suitability of different turbulence models. First results show that even small deformations at the blade’s tip can lead to a positive influence on the blade’s performance under transonic conditions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145064/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Structural Design and Aerodynamic Validation of Morphing Compressor Blades Concepts
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Montano Rejas, ZhuzhellUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3529-7532
Seidler, MarcelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Riemenschneider, JohannesUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5485-8326
Friedrichs, JensInstitute of Jet Propulsion and Turbomachinery, University of Braunschweig, Hermann-Blenk-Str. 37, Braunschweig 38108, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:5 October 2021
Journal or Publication Title:ICAST 2021 - International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Ermanni, PaoloUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bergamini, AndreaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:ETH Zürich
Status:Published
Keywords:Morphing Compressor Engine Blades
Event Title:International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies 2021
Event Location:Zürich, Schweiz (Online)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:05.-.08. Okt. 2021
Organizer:ETH Zürich
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Clean Propulsion
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L CP - Clean Propulsion
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Future Engines and Engine Integration, L - Components and Emissions
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Adaptronics
Deposited By: Montano Rejas, Zhuzhell
Deposited On:08 Nov 2021 13:55
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 13:55

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