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A Compressive-Sensing Approach for Opportunistic Bistatic SAR Imaging Enhancement by Harnessing Sparse Multiaperture Data

Focsa, Adrian and Anghel, Andrei and Datcu, Mihai (2022) A Compressive-Sensing Approach for Opportunistic Bistatic SAR Imaging Enhancement by Harnessing Sparse Multiaperture Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 60, p. 5205914. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2021.3071861. ISSN 0196-2892.

[img] PDF - Only accessible within DLR bis February 2023 - Postprint version (accepted manuscript)
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Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9410273

Abstract

This article introduces a compressive sensing(CS)-based approach for increasing bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging quality in the context of a multiaperture acquisition. The analyzed data were recorded over an opportunistic bistatic setup including a stationary ground-based-receiver opportunistic C-band bistatic SAR differential interferometry (COBIS) and Sentinel-1 C-band transmitter. Since the terrain observation by progressive scans (TOPS) mode is operated,the receiver can record synchronization pulses and echoed signals from the scene during many apertures. Hence, it is possible to improve the azimuth resolution by exploiting the multiaperture data. The recorded data are not contiguous and a naive integration of the chopped azimuth phase history would generate undesired grating lobes. The proposed processing scheme exploits the natural sparsity characterizing the illuminated scene. For azimuth profiles recovery greedy, convex, and nonconvex CS solvers are analyzed. The sparsifying basis/dictionary is constructed using the synthetically generated azimuth chirp derivedconsidering Sentinel-1 orbital parameters and COBIS position.The chirped-based CS performance is further put in contrast with a Fourier-based CS method and an autoregressive model for signal reconstruction in terms of scene extent limitations and phase restoration efficiency. Furthermore, the analysis of different receiver-looking scenarios conducted to the insertion in the processing chain of a direct and an inverse Keystone transform for range cell migration (RCM) correction to cope with squinted geometries. We provide an extensive set of simulated and real-world results that prove the proposed workflow is efficient both in improving the azimuth resolution and in mitigating the sidelobes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144952/
Document Type:Article
Title:A Compressive-Sensing Approach for Opportunistic Bistatic SAR Imaging Enhancement by Harnessing Sparse Multiaperture Data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Focsa, AdrianUniversityPolitehnica of BucharestUNSPECIFIED
Anghel, AndreiUniversity Politehnica of BucharestUNSPECIFIED
Datcu, MihaiMihai.Datcu (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2022
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:60
DOI :10.1109/TGRS.2021.3071861
Page Range:p. 5205914
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Series Name:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
ISSN:0196-2892
Status:Published
Keywords:Bistatic, compressive sensing (CS), multiaperture, opportunistic acquisition
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Artificial Intelligence
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > EO Data Science
Deposited By: Otgonbaatar, Soronzonbold
Deposited On:02 Nov 2021 13:08
Last Modified:14 Jan 2022 14:40

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