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A Benchmarking Dataset for Arctic Ice Monitoring using Radar Satellite Images

Dumitru, Corneliu Octavian and Schwarz, Gottfried and Datcu, Mihai (2021) A Benchmarking Dataset for Arctic Ice Monitoring using Radar Satellite Images. Phi-week, 11. - 15. Oct. 2021, Frascati, Itlay.

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Official URL: https://phiweek.esa.int/detailed-programme

Abstract

The rapid monitoring of icebergs potentially crossing arctic shipping routes as well as long-term climate research issues have already led to several attempts to exploit the content of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellite images. The European Sentinel-1 mission with its twin satellites allows free and rapid access to its carefully processed image data. As a consequence, the EU-funded research project ExtremeEarth has designed and implemented several highly automated and innovative explainable machine learning and deep neural network algorithms allowing us to train and operate an automated sea-ice monitoring system. In this respect, we analyse its most important innovative aspects and compare it with other approaches that have been developed by various nations. But first of all, in order to verify and implement efficient and innovative methods, we need sufficient datasets with high quality. Here in this contribution, we will present an efficient and very accurate routine based on active learning being able to generate sea-ice datasets annotated by several human experts providing their detailed knowledge with respect to local semantic image classification. Our selected target area is located near the North Pole, in the East part of Greenland. This part of Greenland is called Belgica Bank and was affected by a global warming effect between 2018 and 2019, when a high volume of ice was melted or transformed into water. For demonstration, we selected 36 images (one image per month acquired in 2018, 2019, and 2020) out of 183 available images for this area acquired by Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B. The Sentinel-1A/B images were tiled into patches of 256×256 pixels, and for each patch a semantic label was attached. In addition, a semantic classification map was generated for each analyzed Sentinel-1 image. The benchmarking dataset is presented as patches of 256×256 pixels grouped into 8 semantic classes. These classes are: Black image edge, Glaciers, Icebergs, Mountains, Old ice, First-Year ice, Young ice, and Water group (a group of classes that combine Water bodies, Floating ice, Melted ice, and other water/ice classes). The total number of semantically labelled patches comprises 230,500 elements (about 6400 patches/image) [1]. Using this benchmarking dataset, we were able to monitor the changes that occurred during the different seasons. The generated maps can be used to inspect the temporal evolution of the semantic classes versus time, and to detect the changes in the analysed area. Based on the obtained results, an important change was observed in the summer months (July and August) of each analyzed year, when the ice melting occurs and a large part of the semantic classes are changing their semantics within the class Water group. The current dataset was generated in the frame of the European H2020 ExtremeEarth project and will be available soon on the project website (http://earthanalytics.eu/datasets.html). [1] C.O. Dumitru, et al., „Machine Learning-Based Paradigm for Boosting the Semantic Annotation of EO Images”, Proc. of IGARSS, Brussels, Belgium, July 2021, pp. 1-4.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144805/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:A Benchmarking Dataset for Arctic Ice Monitoring using Radar Satellite Images
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Dumitru, Corneliu OctavianCorneliu.Dumitru (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schwarz, GottfriedGottfried.Schwarz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Datcu, MihaiDLRUNSPECIFIED
Date:13 October 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Sentinel-1, Greenland, Semantic
Event Title:Phi-week
Event Location:Frascati, Itlay
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:11. - 15. Oct. 2021
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Artificial Intelligence
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > EO Data Science
Deposited By: Dumitru, Corneliu Octavian
Deposited On:25 Oct 2021 13:09
Last Modified:27 Oct 2021 09:40

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