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More Than Bike Lanes — A Multifactorial Index of Urban Bikeability

Hardinghaus, Michael and Nieland, Simon and Lehne, Marius and Weschke, Jan Volker (2021) More Than Bike Lanes — A Multifactorial Index of Urban Bikeability. Sustainability, 13 (21), pp. 1-18. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/su132111584. ISSN 2071-1050.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/21/11584/htm

Abstract

The present study aims to deduce bikeability based on a collective understanding and provides a methodology to operationalize its calculation based on open data. The approach contains four steps building on each other and combines qualitative and quantitative methods. The first three steps include the definition and operationalization of the index. First, findings from the literature are condensed to determine relevant categories influencing bikeability. Second, an expert survey is conducted to estimate the importance of these categories to gain a common understanding of bikeability and merge the impacting factors. Third, the defined categories are calculated based on OpenStreetMap data and combined to a comprehensive spatial bikeability index in an automated workflow. The fourth step evaluates the proposed index using a multinomial logit mode choice model to derive the effects of bikeability on travel behavior. The expert process shows a stable inter-action between the components defining bikeability, linking specific spatial characteristics of bikeability and associated components. Applied components are, in order of importance, biking fa-cilities along main streets, street connectivity, the prevalence of neighborhood streets, green path-ways and other cycle facilities, such as rental and repair facilities. The mode choice model shows a strong positive effect of a high bikeability along the route on choosing the bike as the preferred mode. This confirms that the bike friendliness on a route surrounding has a significant impact on the mode choice. Using universal open data and applying stable weighting in an automated work-flow renders the approach of assessing urban bike-friendliness fully transferable and the results comparable. It, therefore, lays the foundation for various large-scale cross-sectional analyses.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144713/
Document Type:Article
Title:More Than Bike Lanes — A Multifactorial Index of Urban Bikeability
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hardinghaus, MichaelMichael.Hardinghaus (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3846-0323
Nieland, SimonSimon.Nieland (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1116-0646
Lehne, MariusMarius.Lehne (at) gmail.comUNSPECIFIED
Weschke, Jan VolkerJan.Weschke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5647-4270
Date:20 October 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Sustainability
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:13
DOI :10.3390/su132111584
Page Range:pp. 1-18
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Series Name:Transport Sustainability and Resilience in Smart Cities
ISSN:2071-1050
Status:Published
Keywords:bikeability, cycling, active transport, built environment, infrastructure
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - UrMo Digital
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Deposited By: Hardinghaus, Michael
Deposited On:07 Dec 2021 22:20
Last Modified:07 Dec 2021 22:20

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