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Assessing Urban Accessibility in Monterrey, Mexico: A Transferable Approach to Evaluate Access to Main Destinations at the Metropolitan and Local Levels

Gaxiola-Beltrán, Ana Luisa and Narezo-Balzaretti, Jorge and Ramírez-Moreno, Mauricio Adolfo and Pérez-Henríquez, Blas Luis and Ramirez-Mendoza, Ricardo A. and Krajzewicz, Daniel and Lozoya-Santos, Jorge De-Jesús (2021) Assessing Urban Accessibility in Monterrey, Mexico: A Transferable Approach to Evaluate Access to Main Destinations at the Metropolitan and Local Levels. Applied Sciences, 11 (16). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/app11167519. ISSN 2076-3417.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/applsci/special_issues/Smart_Cities_Buildings

Abstract

Cities demand urgent transformations in order to become more affordable, livable, sustainable, walkable and comfortable spaces. Hence, important changes have to be made in the way cities are understood, diagnosed and planned. The current paper puts urban accessibility into the centre of the public policy and planning agenda, as a transferable approach to transform cities into better living environments. To do so, a practical example of the City of Monterrey, Mexico, is presented at two planning scales: the metropolitan and local level. Both scales of analysis measure accessibility to main destinations using walking and cycling as the main transport modes. The results demonstrate that the levels of accessibility at the metropolitan level are divergent, depending on the desired destination, as well as on the planning processes (both formal and informal) from different areas of the city. At the local level, the Distrito Tec Area is diagnosed in terms of accessibility to assess to what extent it can be considered a part of a 15 minutes city. The results show that Distrito Tec lacks the desired parameters of accessibility to all destinations for being a 15 minutes city. Nevertheless, there is a considerable increase in accessibility levels when cycling is used as the main travelling mode. The current research project serves as an initial approach to understand the accessibility challenges of the city at different planning levels, by proving useful and disaggregated data. Finally, it concludes providing general recommendations to be considered in planning processes aimed to improve accessibility and sustainability.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/143540/
Document Type:Article
Title:Assessing Urban Accessibility in Monterrey, Mexico: A Transferable Approach to Evaluate Access to Main Destinations at the Metropolitan and Local Levels
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Gaxiola-Beltrán, Ana LuisaTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2637-9915
Narezo-Balzaretti, JorgeTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7258-4242
Ramírez-Moreno, Mauricio AdolfoTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0306-2971
Pérez-Henríquez, Blas LuisStanford UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Ramirez-Mendoza, Ricardo A.Tecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5122-507X
Krajzewicz, DanielDaniel.Krajzewicz (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1045-8800
Lozoya-Santos, Jorge De-JesúsTecnologico de Monterreyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5536-1426
Date:17 August 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Applied Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:11
DOI :10.3390/app11167519
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Roccotelli, Michelemichele.roccotelli@poliba.itUNSPECIFIED
Mangini, Agostino Marcelloagostinomarcello.mangini@poliba.itUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2076-3417
Status:Published
Keywords:urban accessibility; Distrito Tec; Monterrey Metropolitan Zone (MMZ); Urban Basic Geostatistical Areas (AGEBs); 15 minutes city; UrMoAC
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - UrMo Digital
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Deposited By: Krajzewicz, Daniel
Deposited On:24 Aug 2021 18:24
Last Modified:24 Aug 2021 18:24

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