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Experimental Demonstration of Nadir Echo Removal in SAR Using Waveform Diversity and Dual-Focus Postprocessing

Jeon, Se-Yeon and Kraus, Thomas and Steinbrecher, Ulrich and Krieger, Gerhard and Villano, Michelangelo (2021) Experimental Demonstration of Nadir Echo Removal in SAR Using Waveform Diversity and Dual-Focus Postprocessing. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2021.3095566. ISSN 1545-598X.

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Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9488317

Abstract

Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) provides high-resolution images for remote sensing applications regardless of sunlight and weather conditions. The pulsed operation of SAR may lead to an occurrence of nadir echoes in SAR images that significantly affect the image quality in case the pulse repetition frequency (PRF) is not properly constrained within the SAR system design. As an alternative, pulse-to-pulse variation of the transmitted waveform and dual-focus postprocessing can be exploited to remove the nadir echo and alleviate the PRF constraints (also in ScanSAR operation). This work provides a demonstration of the latter concept through an experimental acquisition of the TerraSAR-X satellite. The experiment is designed by selecting the scene and the acquisition parameters in order to have the nadir echo appearing in the SAR image. The waveform variation is achieved by alternating up- and down-chirps on transmit. The analysis of the results shows the effectiveness of dual-focus postprocessing for nadir echo suppression.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/143226/
Document Type:Article
Title:Experimental Demonstration of Nadir Echo Removal in SAR Using Waveform Diversity and Dual-Focus Postprocessing
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Jeon, Se-YeonUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kraus, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9486-7371UNSPECIFIED
Steinbrecher, UlrichUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3704-3886UNSPECIFIED
Krieger, GerhardUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4548-0285UNSPECIFIED
Villano, MichelangeloUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1769-6927UNSPECIFIED
Date:16 July 2021
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:10.1109/LGRS.2021.3095566
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN:1545-598X
Status:Published
Keywords:Dual-focus postprocessing, matched filtering, nadir echo, pulse repetition frequency (PRF), synthetic aperture radar (SAR), TerraSAR-X, up- and down-chirps, waveform diversity.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - SAR missions
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Radar Concepts
Microwaves and Radar Institute > Spaceborne SAR Systems
Deposited By: Villano, Dr.-Ing. Michelangelo
Deposited On:19 Jul 2021 08:03
Last Modified:18 Feb 2022 11:30

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