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HorizonUAM: Safety and Security Considerations for Urban Air Mobility

Torens, Christoph and Volkert, Andreas and Becker, Dennis and Gerbeth, Daniel and Schalk, Lukas Marcel and Crespillo, Omar G. and Zhu, Chen and Stelkens-Kobsch, Tim H. and Gehrke, Tanja and Metz, Isabel Carole and Dauer, Johann (2021) HorizonUAM: Safety and Security Considerations for Urban Air Mobility. In: AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, AIAA AVIATION Forum 2021. AIAA Aviation 2021 Forum, 2021-08-02 - 2021-08-06, Virtual Event. doi: 10.2514/6.2021-3199. ISBN 978-162410610-1.

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Abstract

HorizonUAM is a DLR project to research the vision of urban air mobility. One important topic is the safety and security aspect. This paper discusses the safety and security considerations in the topic areas of: safe autonomy, reliable multisensor navigation, robust and efficient communication, U-space and safe air traffic, and finally cyber-physical safety and security. As a basis for future discussion, the challenges and gaps are identified, furthermore the research in the context of the project is briefly outlined. From a safety perspective, the missing pilot of an autonomous vehicle is equivalent to a missing fallback layer, which has to be mitigated. Additionally, trust needs to be established for new techniques, specifically machine learning, which has recently gained massive interest. To solve this, verification, standardization, and regulation aspects of autonomy have to be addressed. The research is therefore targeted towards assessing and increasing the safety of autonomous operations. Moreover, a multi-sensor navigation system is necessary to achieve required safety levels in challenging environments, while meeting the cost and weight constraints. In order to ensure the integrity of the navigation system, an innovative integrity monitoring architecture for the multi-sensor solution will be investigated in the UAM context. Furthermore, many flying vehicles will need to share information in a reliable and trustworthy manner. Therefore, a robust and efficient communication system is specifically designed to meet the requirements of the future urban air mobility in order to mitigate midair collisions. To achieve safe air traffic, U-space services would have to be established. The project will specifically address gaps in the proposed services and identify additional required information and services. As a last aspect, the cyber physical safety and security has to be considered. With highly connected systems, attacks can happen over the Internet from virtually anywhere. Therefore, it is required to establish a holistic approach for cyber-physical safety and security.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/143012/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:HorizonUAM: Safety and Security Considerations for Urban Air Mobility
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Torens, ChristophUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0651-4390UNSPECIFIED
Volkert, AndreasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7881-9823UNSPECIFIED
Becker, DennisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gerbeth, DanielUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7495-7361133728731
Schalk, Lukas MarcelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Crespillo, Omar G.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2598-7636UNSPECIFIED
Zhu, ChenUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4320-4826UNSPECIFIED
Stelkens-Kobsch, Tim H.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8485-6628UNSPECIFIED
Gehrke, TanjaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Metz, Isabel CaroleUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7463-3949UNSPECIFIED
Dauer, JohannUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8287-2376UNSPECIFIED
Date:2 August 2021
Journal or Publication Title:AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, AIAA AVIATION Forum 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI:10.2514/6.2021-3199
ISBN:978-162410610-1
Status:Published
Keywords:Urban Air Mobility, safe autonomy, reliable multisensor navigation, robust and efficient communication, U-space and safe air traffic, cyber-physical safety and security
Event Title:AIAA Aviation 2021 Forum
Event Location:Virtual Event
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:2 August 2021
Event End Date:6 August 2021
Organizer:AIAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Components and Systems
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L CS - Components and Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Unmanned Aerial Systems
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Unmanned Aircraft
Deposited By: Torens, Christoph
Deposited On:16 Sep 2021 08:17
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:42

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