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The potential of high-speed rail freight in Europe: how is a modal shift from road to rail possible for low-density high value cargo?

Böhm, Mathias and Arnz, Marlin and Winter, Joachim (2021) The potential of high-speed rail freight in Europe: how is a modal shift from road to rail possible for low-density high value cargo? European Transport Research Review. Springer. doi: 10.1186/s12544-020-00453-3. ISSN 1867-0717.

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Official URL: https://etrr.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s12544-020-00453-3

Abstract

Purpose: A fully electrified transport chain offers considerable potential for CO2 savings. In this paper, we examine the conditions necessary to introduce a fully electrified, large-scale, high-speed rail freight transport system in Europe in addition to high-speed passenger trains, aiming to shift goods transport from road to rail. We compare a novel high-speed rail freight concept with road-based lorry transport for low-density high value goods to estimate the potential for a modal shift from road to rail in 2030. Methods: To characterize the impacts of different framework conditions, a simulation tool was designed as a discrete choice model, based on random utility theory, with integrated performance calculation assessing the full multimodal transport chain regarding costs, emissions and time. It was applied to a European reference scenario based on forecast data for freight traffic in 2030. Results: We show that high-speed rail freight is about 70 % more expensive than the conventional lorry but emits 80 % less CO2 emissions for the baseline parameter setting. The expected mode share largely depends on the cargo’s value of time, while the implementation of a CO2-tax of 100 EUR/tCO2eq has an insignificant impact. The costs of handling goods and the infrastructure charges are highly influential variables. Conclusion: High-speed rail track access charges are a suitable political instrument to create a level playing field between the transport modes and internalize external costs of freight transport. With the given access charge structure, a reduction of the maximum operating speed to 160 km/h has a positive impact on the expected mode share of rail transport while it still reacts positively to a wide range of the cargo’s time sensitivity (compared to a maximum operating speed of 350 km/h). The flexibility of rail freight’s operating speed is important for an effective implementation. Further research should concentrate on time- and cost-efficient transhipment terminals as they have a significant impact on transport performance.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136833/
Document Type:Article
Title:The potential of high-speed rail freight in Europe: how is a modal shift from road to rail possible for low-density high value cargo?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Böhm, MathiasMathias.Boehm (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9959-4790
Arnz, Marlinmaa (at) wip.tu-berlin.deUNSPECIFIED
Winter, JoachimJoachim.Winter (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:5 January 2021
Journal or Publication Title:European Transport Research Review
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1186/s12544-020-00453-3
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
UNSPECIFIEDk.t.geurs@utwente.NLUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1867-0717
Status:Published
Keywords:high-speed rail freight, multimodal freight, modal split, modal shift, low-density high value goods
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Rail Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V SC Schienenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGT BIT
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Deposited By: Boehm, Mathias
Deposited On:12 Jan 2021 15:00
Last Modified:03 Feb 2021 15:19

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