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The influence of training level on manual flight in connection to performance, scan pattern, and task load.

Friedrich, Maik and Seung Yong, Lee and Bates, Paul and Wayne, Martin and Faulhaber, Anja K. (2021) The influence of training level on manual flight in connection to performance, scan pattern, and task load. Cognition, Technology and Work. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s10111-020-00663-8. ISSN 1435-5558.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10111-020-00663-8


This work focuses on the analysis of pilots’ performance during manual flight operations in different stages of training and situations and also examines the influence of training on gaze strategy. The secure and safe operation of air traffic is highly dependent on the individual performances of the pilots. Before becoming a pilot, he/she has to acquire a broad set of skills by training to pass all the necessary qualification and licensing standards. A basic skill for every pilot is manual control operations, which is a closed-loop control process with several cross-coupled variables. Even with increased automation in the cockpit, the manual control operations are essential for every pilot as a last resort in the event of automation failure. A key element in the analysis of manual flight operations is the development over time in relation to performance and visual perception. An experiment with 28 participants (including 11 certified pilots) was conducted in a Boeing 737 simulated in a high-fidelity setting. For defined flight phases, the dynamic time warping method was applied to evaluate the performance for selected criteria, and eye-tracking methodology was utilized to analyze the gaze-pattern development. The manipulation of experience and workload influences the performance and the gaze pattern at the same time. Findings suggest that the increase of workload has an increased effect on pilots depending on the flight phase. Gaze patterns from experienced pilots provide insights into the training requirements of both novices and experts. The connection between workload, performance and gaze pattern is complex and needs to be analyzed under as many differing conditions. The results imply the necessity to evaluate manual flight operations with respect to more flight phases and a detailed selection of performance indications.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136774/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:Für diesen Artikel wurde eine Korrektur veröffentlicht https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10111-021-00680-1 und der open access nachgeführt.
Title:The influence of training level on manual flight in connection to performance, scan pattern, and task load.
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Friedrich, MaikUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3742-2322UNSPECIFIED
Date:9 March 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Cognition, Technology and Work
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Vanderhaegen, FredericUniversität ValenciennesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Keywords:Task load; Pilot performance; Gaze pattern; Eye tracking; Pilot versus Novices
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Simulation and Validation (old), L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Friedrich, Maik
Deposited On:09 Nov 2021 07:55
Last Modified:28 Jun 2023 11:22

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