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ELGAR - a European Laboratory for Gravitation and Atom-interferometric Research

Canuel, Benjamin and Abend, Sven and Amaro-Seoane, Pau and Badaracco, Francesca and Beaufils, Quentin and Bertoldi, Andrea and Bongs, Kai and Bouyer, Philippe and Braxmaier, Claus and Chaibi, Walid and Christensen, Nelson and Fitzek, Florian and Flouris, Giorgos and Gaaloul, Naceur and Gaffet, Stephane and Garrido Alzar, Carlos L. and Geiger, Remi and Guellati-Khelifa, Saida and Hammerer, Klemens and Harms, Jan and Hinderer, Jacques and Holynski, Michael and Junca, Joseph and Katsanevas, Stavros and Klempt, Carsten and Kozanitis, Christos and Krutzik, Markus and Landragin, Arnaud and Làzaro Roche, Ignacio and Leykauf, Bastian and Lien, Yu-Hung and Loriani, Sina and Merlet, Sebastien and Merzougui, Mourad and Nofrarias, Miquel and Papadakos, Panagiotis and Pereira dos Santos, Franck and Peters, Achim and Plexousakis, Dimitris and Prevedelli, Marco and Rasel, Ernst Maria and Rogister, Yves and Rosat, Severine and Roura, Albert and Sabulsky, Dylan and Schkolnik, Vladimir and Schlippert, Dennis and Schubert, Christian and Sidorenkov, Leonid and Siemss, Jan-Niclas and Sopuerta, Carlos and Sorrentino, Fiodor and Struckmann, Christian and Tino, Guglielmo M and Tsagkatakis, Greg and Viceré, Andrea and von Klitzing, Wolf and Wörner, Lisa and Zou, Xinhao (2020) ELGAR - a European Laboratory for Gravitation and Atom-interferometric Research. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 37 (22), p. 225017. Institute of Physics (IOP) Publishing. doi: 10.1088/1361-6382/aba80e. ISSN 0264-9381.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/aba80e

Abstract

Gravitational Waves (GWs) were observed for the first time in 2015, one century after Einstein predicted their existence. There is now growing interest to extend the detection bandwidth to low frequency. The scientific potential of multi-frequency GW astronomy is enormous as it would enable to obtain a more complete picture of cosmic events and mechanisms. This is a unique and entirely new opportunity for the future of astronomy, the success of which depends upon the decisions being made on existing and new infrastructures. The prospect of combining observations from the future space-based instrument LISA together with third generation ground based detectors will open the way towards multi-band GW astronomy, but will leave the infrasound (0.1 Hz to 10 Hz) band uncovered. GW detectors based on matter wave interferometry promise to fill such a sensitivity gap. We propose the European Laboratory for Gravitation and Atom-interferometric Research (ELGAR), an underground infrastructure based on the latest progress in atomic physics, to study space-time and gravitation with the primary goal of detecting GWs in the infrasound band. ELGAR will directly inherit from large research facilities now being built in Europe for the study of large scale atom interferometry and will drive new pan-European synergies from top research centers developing quantum sensors. ELGAR will measure GW radiation in the infrasound band with a peak strain sensitivity of 3.3×10-22/sqrt(Hz) at 1.7 Hz. The antenna will have an impact on diverse fundamental and applied research fields beyond GW astronomy, including gravitation, general relativity, and geology.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136531/
Document Type:Article
Title:ELGAR - a European Laboratory for Gravitation and Atom-interferometric Research
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Canuel, BenjaminLP2N, Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences, Université Bordeaux-IOGS-CNRS:UMR 5298, rue F. Mitterrand, F-33400 Talence, France, Talence, FRANCEhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1378-2334
Abend, SvenLUH, Leibniz University of HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Amaro-Seoane, PauInstitut de Cincies de l'Espai IEEC-CSIC, Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, Campus UAB, Torre C-5, Parells, 2na Planta, BellaterraES-08193Spain, Barcelona, 08034, SPAINUNSPECIFIED
Badaracco, FrancescaGran Sasso Science Institute, L'aquila, 67100, ITALYhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8553-7904
Beaufils, QuentinLNE--SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 61, avenue de l'Observatoire, F--75014 PARIS, France, Paris, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Bertoldi, AndreaLP2N, Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences, Université Bordeaux-IOGS-CNRS:UMR 5298, rue F. Mitterrand, F-33400 Talence, France, Talence, FRANCEhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4839-0947
Bongs, KaiUniversity of Birmingham, UKUNSPECIFIED
Bouyer, PhilippeLP2N, Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences, Université Bordeaux-IOGS-CNRS:UMR 5298, rue F. Mitterrand, F-33400 Talence, France, Talence, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Braxmaier, ClausDLR-RY, ZARM, University of Bremen,1Astrium GmbH–Satellites, 88039 Friedrichshafen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Chaibi, WalidARTEMIS, Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, F-06304 Nice, France, Nice, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Christensen, NelsonARTEMIS, Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, F-06304 Nice, France, Nice, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Fitzek, FlorianInstitut für Quantenoptik, Leibniz University, Hannover, GERMANYUNSPECIFIED
Flouris, GiorgosInstitute of Computer Science, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, 70013, Heraklion, Greece, Heraklion, GREECEUNSPECIFIED
Gaaloul, NaceurLeibniz University of Hannover, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Gaffet, StephaneLSBB, Laboratoire Souterrain Bas Bruit, CNRS, Avignon University, University Nice Sophia-Antipolis - La grande combe, 84400 Rustrel, France, Rustrel, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Garrido Alzar, Carlos L.LNE--SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 61, avenue de l'Observatoire, F--75014 PARIS, France, Paris, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Geiger, RemiLNE--SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 61, avenue de l'Observatoire, F--75014 PARIS, France, Paris, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Guellati-Khelifa, SaidaUPMC, Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, 4 place Jussieu, Paris, 75231, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Hammerer, KlemensInstitute for Theoretical Physics and Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert-Einstein-Institute), Leibniz University Hannover, Appelstrasse 2, 30167 Hannover, Germany, Hannover, GERMANYUNSPECIFIED
Harms, JanGran Sasso Science Institute, L'Aquila, 67100, ITALYhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7332-9806
Hinderer, JacquesInstitut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, UMR 7516, Université de Strasbourg/EOST, CNRS, 5 rue Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg, France, Starsbourg, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Holynski, MichaelUniversity of Birmingham, UKUNSPECIFIED
Junca, JosephLP2N, Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences, Université Bordeaux-IOGS-CNRS:UMR 5298, rue F. Mitterrand, F-33400 Talence, France, Talence, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Katsanevas, StavrosEuropean Gravitational Observatory (EGO), I-56021 Cascina (Pi), Italy, Cascina, ITALYUNSPECIFIED
Klempt, CarstenInstitut fur Quantenoptik, Universitat Hannover, Welfengarten 1, Hannover, Niedersachsen, D-30167, GERMANYUNSPECIFIED
Kozanitis, ChristosInstitute of Computer Science, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, 70013, Heraklion, Greece, Heraklion, GREECEUNSPECIFIED
Krutzik, MarkusHumboldt-Universität zu BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Landragin, ArnaudLNE--SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 61, avenue de l'Observatoire, F--75014 PARIS, France, Paris, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Làzaro Roche, IgnacioSBB, Laboratoire Souterrain Bas Bruit, CNRS, Avignon University, University Nice Sophia-Antipolis - La grande combe, 84400 Rustrel, France, Rustrel, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Leykauf, BastianHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institute of Physics, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin, Germany, Berlin, GERMANYUNSPECIFIED
Lien, Yu-HungMidlands Ultracold Atom Research Centre, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom, Birmingham, UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELANDUNSPECIFIED
Loriani, SinaInstitute of Quantum Optics, Leibniz University Hanover, Hannover, GERMANYhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6660-960X
Merlet, SebastienLNE--SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 61, avenue de l'Observatoire, F--75014 PARIS, France, Paris, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Merzougui, MouradARTEMIS, Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, F-06304 Nice, France, Nice, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Nofrarias, MiquelInstitut de Ciències de l'Espai (ICE-CSIC/IEEC), Barcelona, SPAINhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1518-2196
Papadakos, PanagiotisInstitute of Computer Science, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, 70013, Heraklion, Greece, Heraklion, GREECEUNSPECIFIED
Pereira dos Santos, FranckLNE--SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 61, avenue de l'Observatoire, F--75014 PARIS, France, Paris, FRANCEhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0659-5028
Peters, AchimUniversity of Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Plexousakis, DimitrisARTEMIS, Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, F-06304 Nice, France, Nice, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Prevedelli, MarcoDipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Via Berti-Pichat 6/2, I-40126 Bologna, Bologna, ITALYUNSPECIFIED
Rasel, Ernst MariaIQO, Uni HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Rogister, YvesInstitut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, UMR 7516, Université de Strasbourg/EOST, CNRS, 5 rue Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Rosat, SeverineInstitut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, UMR 7516, Université de Strasbourg/EOST, CNRS, 5 rue Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Roura, AlbertAlbert.Roura (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8049-8982
Sabulsky, DylanPhysics, Institut d'Optique Graduate School, Rue François Mitterand, LP2N, Talence, Gironde, 33400, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Schkolnik, VladimirInstitut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Schlippert, DennisIQO, Uni Hannoverhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2168-1776
Schubert, ChristianInstitut für Quantenoptik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Sidorenkov, LeonidLNE--SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 61, avenue de l'Observatoire, F--75014 PARIS, France, Paris, FRANCEhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5293-2780
Siemss, Jan-NiclasInstitut für Quantenoptik, Leibniz University, Hannover, GERMANYhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3038-3922
Sopuerta, CarlosInstitute of Space Sciences, Barcelona, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Sorrentino, FiodorINFN Geneva, Genova, ITALYUNSPECIFIED
Struckmann, ChristianIQO, Uni HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Tino, Guglielmo MDipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia and LENS Laboratory, Università di Firenze and INFN-Sezione di Firenze, via Sansone 1, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy, Sesto Fiorentino, ITALYhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7944-9825
Tsagkatakis, GregInstitute of Computer Science, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, 70013, Heraklion, Greece, Heraklion, GREECEUNSPECIFIED
Viceré, AndreaUniversità degli Studi di Urbino "Carlo Bo", I-61029 Urbino, Italy and INFN, Sezione di Firenze, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy, Urbino, PU, ITALYhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0624-6231
von Klitzing, WolfInstitute of Electronic Structure and Lasers, Foundation of Research and Technology Hellas, Heraklion, Crete, GREECEhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6172-8407
Wörner, LisaZARM, Uni BremenUNSPECIFIED
Zou, XinhaoLP2N, Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences, Université Bordeaux-IOGS-CNRS:UMR 5298, rue F. Mitterrand, F-33400 Talence, France, Talence, FRANCEhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3026-2944
Date:28 October 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Classical and Quantum Gravity
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:37
DOI :10.1088/1361-6382/aba80e
Page Range:p. 225017
Publisher:Institute of Physics (IOP) Publishing
ISSN:0264-9381
Status:Published
Keywords:Gravitational waves, Atom interferometry
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KNQ - Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Fundamental physics, R - Systems Engineering Optische Systeme (old)
Location: Bremen , Ulm
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systems Enabling Technologies
Institute of Quantum Technologies > Quantum Engineering
Institute of Quantum Technologies > Theoretical Quantum Physics
Institute of Quantum Technologies > Quantum Metrology
Deposited By: Hamann, Ines
Deposited On:08 Oct 2020 22:45
Last Modified:03 Oct 2021 17:31

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