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Possible Effects of Greenhouse Gases to Ozone Profiles and DNA Active UV-B Irradiance at Ground Level

Eleftheratos, Kostas and Kapsomenakis, John and Zerefos, Christos S. and Bais, Alkiviadis F. and Fountoulakis, Ilias and Dameris, Martin and Jöckel, Patrick and Haslerud, Amund S. and Godin-Beekmann, Sophie and Steinbrecht, Wolfgang and Petropavlovskikh, Irina and Brogniez, Colette and Leblanc, Thierry and Liley, J. Ben and Querel, Richard and Swart, Daan P. J. (2020) Possible Effects of Greenhouse Gases to Ozone Profiles and DNA Active UV-B Irradiance at Ground Level. Atmosphere, 11 (3), 228/1-19. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/atmos11030228 ISSN 2073-4433

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4433/11/3/228

Abstract

In this paper, we compare model calculations of ozone profiles and their variability for the period 1998 to 2016 with satellite and lidar profiles at five ground-based stations. Under the investigation is the temporal impact of the stratospheric halogen reduction (chemical processes) and increase in greenhouse gases (i.e., global warming) on stratospheric ozone changes. Attention is given to the effect of greenhouse gases on ultraviolet-B radiation at ground level. Our chemistry transport and chemistry climate models (Oslo CTM3 and EMAC CCM) indicate that (a) the effect of halogen reduction is maximized in ozone recovery at 1–7 hPa and observed at all lidar stations; and (b) significant impact of greenhouse gases on stratospheric ozone recovery is predicted after the year 2050. Our study indicates that solar ultraviolet-B irradiance that produces DNA damage would increase after the year 2050 by +1.3 per decade. Such change in the model is driven by a significant decrease in cloud cover due to the evolution of greenhouse gases in the future and an insignificant trend in total ozone. If our estimates prove to be true, then it is likely that the process of climate change will overwhelm the effect of ozone recovery on UV-B irradiance in midlatitudes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/134236/
Document Type:Article
Title:Possible Effects of Greenhouse Gases to Ozone Profiles and DNA Active UV-B Irradiance at Ground Level
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Eleftheratos, KostasDepartment of Geology and Geoenvironment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Kapsomenakis, JohnResearch Centre for Atmospheric Physics and Climatology, Academy of Athens, 10680 Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Zerefos, Christos S.Center for Environmental Effects on Health, Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens, 11527 Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Bais, Alkiviadis F.Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greecehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3899-2001
Fountoulakis, IliasDepartment of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Dameris, MartinDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Jöckel, PatrickDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8964-1394
Haslerud, Amund S.Cicero Center for International Climate Research (CICERO), 0318 Oslo, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Godin-Beekmann, SophieLaboratoire Atmosphère Milieux Observations Spatiales, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 78284 Guyancourt, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Steinbrecht, WolfgangDeutscher Wetterdienst, 82383 Hohenpeißenberg, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Petropavlovskikh, IrinaCooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80301, USAUNSPECIFIED
Brogniez, ColetteUniv. Lille, CNRS, UMR 8518 - Laboratoire d’Optique Atmosphérique, F-59000 Lille, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Leblanc, ThierryJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Wrightwood, CA 92397, USAUNSPECIFIED
Liley, J. BenNational Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Lauder 9377, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Querel, RichardNational Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Lauder 9377, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Swart, Daan P. J.Center for Environmental Quality, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), 3720 BA Bilthoven, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Date:26 February 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Atmosphere
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:11
DOI :10.3390/atmos11030228
Page Range:228/1-19
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2073-4433
Status:Published
Keywords:DNA, UV radiation, atmospheric modelling, CCMI, EMAC, MESSy, Ozone
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung, R - Project Climatic relevance of atmospheric tracer gases, aerosols and clouds
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Jöckel, Dr. Patrick
Deposited On:06 Mar 2020 12:27
Last Modified:27 May 2020 15:37

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