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Deep Learning Training and Benchmarks for Earth Observation Images: Data Sets, Features, and Procedures

Datcu, Mihai and Schwarz, Gottfried and Dumitru, Corneliu Octavian (2020) Deep Learning Training and Benchmarks for Earth Observation Images: Data Sets, Features, and Procedures. In: Artificial Neural Networks In-Tech. pp. 1-12. (In Press)

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Official URL: https://www.intechopen.com/books/recent-trends-in-artificial-neural-networks-from-training-to-prediction/deep-learning-training-and-benchmarks-for-earth-observation-images-data-sets-features-and-procedures

Abstract

Deep learning methods are often used for image classification or local object segmentation. The corresponding test and validation data sets are an integral part of the learning process, and also of the algorithm performance evaluation. High and particularly very high resolution (VHR) Earth observation (EO) applications based on satellite images primarily aim at the semantic labeling of land cover structures or objects as well as of temporal evolution classes. However, one of the main EO objectives is physical parameter retrievals such as temperatures, precipitation, and crop yield predictions. Therefore, we need reliably labeled data sets and tools to train the developed algorithms, and to assess the performance of our Deep Learning paradigms. Generally, imaging sensors generate a visually understandable representation of the observed scene. However, this does not hold for many EO images, where the recorded images only depict a spectral subset of the scattered light field, thus generating an indirect signature of the imaged object. This spots the load of EO image understanding, as a new and particular challenge of Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). The following text reviews and analyses the new approaches of EO imaging leveraging the recent advances in physical process based ML and AI methods, and signal processing. This chapter introduces the basic properties, features, and models for very specific EO cases recorded by VHR multispectral, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), and multi-temporal observations. Further, we describe and discuss procedures and machine learning based tools to generate large semantic training and benchmarking data sets. The particularities of relative data set biases and cross-data set generalization are reviewed, and an algorithmic analysis frame is introduced. Finally, we review and analyze several examples of EO benchmarking data sets.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133421/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Deep Learning Training and Benchmarks for Earth Observation Images: Data Sets, Features, and Procedures
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Datcu, MihaiMihai.Datcu (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schwarz, GottfriedGottfried.Schwarz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dumitru, Corneliu OctavianCorneliu.Dumitru (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2020
Journal or Publication Title:Artificial Neural Networks
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1-12
Publisher:In-Tech
Status:In Press
Keywords:Earth observation, synthetic aperture radar, multispectral, machine learning, and deep learning
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben hochauflösende Fernerkundungsverfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > EO Data Science
Deposited By: Dumitru, Corneliu Octavian
Deposited On:16 Jan 2020 10:30
Last Modified:05 Mar 2020 13:08

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