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Situation Assessment -- An Essential Functionality for Resilient Navigation Systems

Engler, Evelin and Banyś, Paweł and Sill Torres, Frank and Heymann, Frank and Baldauf, Michael and Gucma, Maciej (2020) Situation Assessment -- An Essential Functionality for Resilient Navigation Systems. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 8 (17), pp. 1-13. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/jmse8010017 ISSN 2077-1312

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2077-1312/8/1/17

Abstract

This paper discusses the application of resilience engineering principles by shipborne navigation systems. As a technological system, the ship navigation system comprises all the communication and navigation equipment required to operate a ship. If examined as a socio-technological system, one has to additionally consider the use of the ship navigation system by the bridge teams in order to perform the nautical profession in terms of safe and efficient ship navigation, taking into account environmental information received by communication. The first part of this work discusses the theoretical background of resilience engineering and situation awareness. Case studies are used to illustrate under which conditions the application of resilience principles may result in an improvement of the operational reliability. With the help of simulations, it is shown that a sub-optimal implementation and utilization of resilience principles may decrease the robustness of the technical ship navigation system, as well as the reliability and adaptability of the ship navigation system in use. The examples illustrate once again that monitoring is one of the four cornerstones of resilience: anticipating, monitoring, learning, and responding. This is due to the effectiveness of most resilience principles depending on the availability and trustworthiness of situational information in relation to system status and environmental conditions, irrespective of whether the generation and use of the situational information is machine-made or human-made. Therefore, the establishment of situation awareness is an essential accompanying functionality to be considered in design, operation, and use of resilient systems.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133193/
Document Type:Article
Title:Situation Assessment -- An Essential Functionality for Resilient Navigation Systems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Engler, Evelinevelin.engler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0336-9386
Banyś, PawełPawel.Banys (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sill Torres, FrankFrank.SillTorres (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4028-455X
Heymann, FrankFrank.Heymann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Baldauf, Michaelmichael.baldauf (at) hs-wismar.deUNSPECIFIED
Gucma, Maciejm.gucma (at) am.szczecin.plUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 January 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Marine Science and Engineering
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:8
DOI :10.3390/jmse8010017
Page Range:pp. 1-13
Editors:
EditorsEmail
UNSPECIFIEDMDPI
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Series Name:J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020
ISSN:2077-1312
Status:Published
Keywords:situation awareness; resilience principles; ship navigation; threats; robustness; risk mitigation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - no assignment
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for the Protection of Maritime Infrastructures > Reslience of Maritime Systems
Institute of Communication and Navigation > Nautical Systems
Deposited By: Engler, Dr.-Ing. Evelin
Deposited On:07 Jan 2020 15:47
Last Modified:07 Jan 2020 15:47

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