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A prediction methodology for rotorcraft noise ground footprints

Ahmed, S.R. and Yin, J. (2000) A prediction methodology for rotorcraft noise ground footprints. In: 7th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, Vol. 3, pp. 1347-1354. 7th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, Garmisch-Partenkirchen (de), 04.-07.07.2000.

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This paper presents a numerical technique for the noise ground footprint prediction for given helicopter flight trajectory and conditions. The methodology adopted is a two-step procedure which calculates first the unsteady aerodynamics of the simultaneously turning main- and tail rotor. The aerodynamic code is based on a 3-D unsteady panel method which simulates all motions of an articulated rotor and the relative motion between main- and tail rotor blades. The fuselage is not simulated. The unsteady pressure distribution on the main- and tail rotor blades serves as input to a Ffowcs Williams Hawkings (FWH)-equation based code to define the acoustic pressure on a hemispherical "noise source" surface beneath the aircraft. A flight trajectory may consist of a number of flight segments such as take-off, level flight and descent. For each of these flight sequences, a separate noise source surface is generated. Knowing the flight trajectory and the flight condition, the relevant noise source surface is moved along the flight segment with the desired speed. The propagation of the noise on to the ground is treated as "free" propagation with consideration of atmospheric absorption and ground reflection. To generate the noise footprints, the overflown area is overlaid with a lattice of discrete points. With a step by step movement of the noise source surface along the flight trajectory, the perceived noise on the ground is obtained as a sound pressure level time history at each ground point which is processed to obtain the desired noise metric. A contour plot routine uses the data to map the foot print.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/13288/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2001,
Title:A prediction methodology for rotorcraft noise ground footprints
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Journal or Publication Title:7th International Congress on Sound and Vibration
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:Vol. 3
Page Range:pp. 1347-1354
Keywords:noise footprint, rotor aeroacoustics, 3-D unsteady panel method, free wake, noise propagation
Event Title:7th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, Garmisch-Partenkirchen (de), 04.-07.07.2000
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Rotorcraft (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L RR - Rotorcraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - The Quiet and Comfortable Rotorcraft (old)
Location: Köln-Porz , Braunschweig , Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Institut für Entwurfsaerodynamik
Deposited By: Grant, Claudia
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 20:14

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