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Trajectory Optimization in the Three-Body Problem for a Lunar Transportation System

Segura, Sergi and Viturro, Mauro and Lizy-Destrez, Stéphanie and Dumont, Etienne (2019) Trajectory Optimization in the Three-Body Problem for a Lunar Transportation System. 70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 21-25 October 2019, Washington DC, USA.

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Abstract

Lunar missions and their design are in the agenda of most main space agencies around the world. With the goal of regular lunar missions, many of them manned, both time and fuel efficiency are currently being considered as key aspects of space mission design. With this in mind, new and more sophisticated methods of transportation to the Moon are to be designed as alternatives for the ones used by NASA during the Apollo era to improve sustainability. One of the most logical steps to take towards this goal is ISRU (In-Situ Resource Utilization), which would allow for a mission in which the ship is refueled with propellant produced on the Moon. This capability would be beneficial to a wide range of missions even beyond the Moon, potentially spanning other celestial bodies like Mars. This project from DLR in collaboration with ISAE-SUPAERO consists of two ships which have to carry cargo from a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) to the lunar surface, while obtaining propellant from the regions near the lunar poles, in order to have an efficient transportation system that can benefit from lunar resources. The two ships exchange both fuel and cargo while in a Libration Point Orbit (LPO). The aim of this work is to optimize the trajectories to and from the LPO in terms of Delta V and time of flight, taking into consideration the various constraints that this type of mission requires. These constraints include, for instance, an in-orbit time limit due to propellant boil-off (cryogenic LOx/LH2) or a minimum time in orbit to perform rendezvous. This optimization is computed over the entire duration of a mission, which extends from the departure of the payload from a LEO until its arrival in Low Lunar Orbit (LLO). Flexibility is allowed in terms of the inclination of the LLO, which is subject to change depending on the focus of the mission or the nature of the payload. While current estimations are available for both time and Delta V for single branches of the mission, this optimization is aimed at narrowing down those quantities to more precise, reliable results for realistic mission operation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/132866/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Trajectory Optimization in the Three-Body Problem for a Lunar Transportation System
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Segura, SergiISAE SupaéroUNSPECIFIED
Viturro, MauroISAE SupaéroUNSPECIFIED
Lizy-Destrez, StéphanieISAE-SupaéroUNSPECIFIED
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Date:25 October 2019
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Three Body Problem, Moon mission, Lunar Infrastructure, Trajectory optimization, Reusability, RLV, Lagrange Point, ISRU, Libration Point Orbit, Halo orbit, Near Rectilinear Orbit
Event Title:70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Washington DC, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21-25 October 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Systemanalyse Raumsegment
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systems Engineering and Project Office
Deposited By: Dumont, Etienne
Deposited On:17 Dec 2019 13:08
Last Modified:17 Dec 2019 13:08

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