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From Apollo to Amazon - Ground Control Changing

Gnat, Marcin and Knopp, Marcus Thomas and Philipp, Robert and Müller, Thomas (2019) From Apollo to Amazon - Ground Control Changing. 70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 21.-25. Oct. 2019, Washington D.C..

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Abstract

The recent announcement of Amazon Web Services Ground Station, a novel service from the enterprise that aims at easy and cost-effective data download from Earth orbiting satellites into its global cloud computing infrastructure by a fully managed network of ground antennas located around the world, has raised major attention in the space community. However, it only marks the latest, logical move of the still emerging NewSpace industrial branch, which, after capturing the space and transfer segments of astronautics, has shown increasing interest in entering the ground segment. Where established mission operation centers tend to be mired down in layers of licensing, regulatory processes, standardization and mission-by-mission operations, new players equipped with self-defined and flexible degrees of freedom could become real game changers. This especially holds true, if paired with strong motivation and supported by gigantic financial backing. In our paper we focus on ground control, investigating the evolution of spaceflight from the Apollo era to cloud based computing. We find that technological leadership is seemingly not the main element driving disruptive changes in this area. Instead, a solid business model outside the box of classic astronautics and a strong focus on the users of space-borne products might be the key to success. We show the pros and cons of such an approach, also displaying possibilities for classic mission operations and ground control style. On this backdrop, we suggest a change of paradigm towards the de-centralized control of spacecraft to keep abreast of the societal digital transition.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/132656/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:From Apollo to Amazon - Ground Control Changing
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gnat, MarcinMarcin.Gnat (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Knopp, Marcus ThomasMarcus.Knopp (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6819-6279
Philipp, RobertRobert.Philipp (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Müller, Thomasth.mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Mission Operations, NewSpace, Cloud Computing, Ground Control, Control Center, User Orientation
Event Title:70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Washington D.C.
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21.-25. Oct. 2019
Organizer:IAC
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training
Deposited By: Schrafstetter-Schweyer, Laura
Deposited On:18 Dec 2019 10:18
Last Modified:18 Dec 2019 10:18

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